Other transitivizing morphology (adds valence)

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice - Increasing
There is/are some other mechanism(s) for increasing valency


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No other transitivizing derivation discussed in the formation of the verb stem. Allin, 1976: 105-106 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 252-262 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no The causative morpheme -i/-ita has other functions when applied to most transitive verbs. Aikhenvald, 2003: 279 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no The only valence-increasing morpheme is a causative. Facundes, 2000: 505-509 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Verity: emphasizes authenticity. Payne 1981:44 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003:37-47 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' yes The applicative and dtive verbal suffixes increase verbal valency Duff-Tripp 1997:99 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 279-289 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no info on valence Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes noun incorporation Hall 1988 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Payne 2012:341 Daniel Smith
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes dative shift Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:68 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes A object marker specific for "objects/things/ may be attached to intransitive verbs changing them into transitive ones Ortiz 1994:392 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana yes "destinatario"; denotes an object is for someone else, not necessarily benefactive (yo le compré panela a Dionela) Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:43; Queixaós - 2000:122-126 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:311 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:11-23 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Instrument "promotion" Fleck:894-900 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Salas 1992, p.186-7 Daniel Valle There are other transitivizers which, in general, are very similar on form to the caustives
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes This verbal suffix transitivizes the verb and indicates company with the purpose of helping someone (e.g. I will accompany you to do X). Parker 1965:75 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes It adds an argument for both transitive and intransitive verbs Montes 2004b:126 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes postposition to add an argument Olawsky:622 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes These are transitivizing verbal suffixes. The first is for singular subject; the seconf, for plural. Loewen 1954:53 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 124 Shannon Dardis In addition to the causative suffix, sufijos decrecientes (decreasing/falling suffixes?) can also make intransitive verbs transitives.
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no not indicated/expected Minor and Minor 1982. p.102-103 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes make the tone on the verb root a falling tone to transitivize the verb. Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Valence increasing operations are causative, benefactive, and possessor upgrading. Miller 1999, p.113 Chris Clack
Cubeo yes the authorative suffix is derived from verb root 'kõxẽ' Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 59 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no info Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack no info/not expected
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.69-72 Chris Clack
Barasano no Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992,p.92-100 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes applicative suffix/dependent verb -duti "to send/order someone to do something" Ramirez 1997: 184-5 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 238 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:287 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:373 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no ms11.4.4 done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 177 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 98-104 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 376 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 191 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 205 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa yes 163 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 146-9 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira no 145 done 0
Marrgany No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 402-5 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 414 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 89 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 118 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 307 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 85 0
Dyirbal yes 91 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 86-7 done 0
Djinang No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 72; 157-160 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 148-52 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 89-90 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no No done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 87 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 55-6 done 0
Katthang no 83-90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 187-192 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 23 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres yes K85a 105-9 done 1
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 71 done 0
Arrernte No 193 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 195 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 230 0
Ritharrngu No 61 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 77 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes? 114-6 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 83 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 37 0
Wajarri No 108 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no analytical causatives Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps