Clausal negator is a preposed element

Category
Simple Clauses - Negation
Notes
Clausal negator is a preposed element

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 131 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro yes The example given has a preposed negator. Allin, 1976: 302-303 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Warekena yes Aikhenvald 1998: 264 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 204 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Proclitic form Shauer and Shauer 1978: p. 18, 36-37 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes The negation marker is a particle that appears immediately before the verb, so it would normally be the first thing in the clause. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 400 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes The negation particle kona is either clause initial, or follows first element of the sentence. Facundes, 2000: 531-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:1011 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:38 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:179-81 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Based on examples Couto 2005:56, Souza 2008:96-9 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:338 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Clausal negators are preposed, but show up to the left of the focus position (they are the first element), and to the right of the topic position (they are the second element). Michael, 2008. p. 379-380 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:51-2 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:42 Daniel Valle
Yine no info no discussion of negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989:100 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:72 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 345 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 55 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012:353-362 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 237, 238 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:6 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Stendal 1976.16 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bourland 1976:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:63 Daniel Valle
Damana no Williams 1993:90-93 Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:67; Queixalós - 2000:14, 25 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993:48 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:324-6, 481-2 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:98-102 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:25-36 Daniel Valle In this case, it is a clitic which appears before the constituent which it negates: in the case of a clause, it appears sentence-initially.
Ingá yes Levinson 1974:39-40 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:1063 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:193-6 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:22 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:75, 93 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:552-5 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Sánchez and Castro 1977:66 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p293 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 277 Shannon Dardis I answered this question and the one that follows it as yes because negation involves a both a free morpheme that comes before the verb and a suffix that attaches to it
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.72 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:136 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p.135 Chris Clack
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 158 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.61-62 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.125 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.145 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:151 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 151 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 313-314 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes It only occurs when the verb ends i a consonant Everett 2006:328-9 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes proclitic Cruz 2011:406 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no The negation marker is a kind of clitic whic resemples a circunfix which the /nda-/ part coming before the negated element and the /-i/ coming after the negated element. Ayala 1996:42-3 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes immediately precedes constituent Vallejos 2010:531 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes 64 done 1
Garrwa yes 36-7, 47-8 done 1
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri yes n237-8 done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 95-6 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 156-158 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 135 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 70 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 57 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 75, 77 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 141-2 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 56 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 57 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes 39 done 1
Uradhi Yes 381 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 228 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 205 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info 78; 198 done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 239 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 196 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 68 done 1
Martuthunira yes 178-179 done 1
Marrgany yes 343 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 124 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 197 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 436 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 59 wordlist done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 98-9 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes? 204 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 151 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 334-5 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 155 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 107 1
Dyirbal yes 117-8 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 110-111 done 1
Djinang Yes 146 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 170 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal no info 65 done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 46, 54-5 done 1
Bularnu no 99 Done-Austin 0
Biri yes done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 48 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 236-41 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no? 56 done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung maybe 74, 81 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 103 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 97-98 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 78 done 0
Katthang no 90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes cf 138:(9) done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 174-175 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 30 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 343 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 102 Done- 1
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya yes 109 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 504 done 1
Bandjalang No 139 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 98 done 0
Arrernte No 175 0
Kokatha Yes 36 1
Karajarri Yes 348 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara No G 244 0
Ritharrngu No 101 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 82 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 874 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 54 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 141, 144 1
Bilinarra yes? 7.4 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 83 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 57 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 51 1
Wajarri Yes 132 1
Warungu yes 295 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:317 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps