Clausal negator is a postposed element

Category
Simple Clauses - Negation
Notes
Clausal negator is a postposed element

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 131 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 302-303 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald 1998: 264 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 204 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Enclitic form Shauer and Shauer 1978: p. 18 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 400 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 531-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981:1011 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:38 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes The word ama "not" is together with the verbal negation suffix Duff-Tripp 1997:179 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:96-9 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:338 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 379-380 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:51-8 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:42 Daniel Valle
Yine no info no discussion of negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:100 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:72 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 345 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 55 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:353-362 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 237, 238 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes marked on the verb Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes clause final Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:6 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Stendal 1976.16 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:63 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Williams 1993:90 Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:67; Queixalós - 2000:14, 25 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:48 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:324-6, 481-2 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:98-102 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:25-36 Daniel Valle In this case, it is a verbal suffix.
Ingá no Levinson 1974:39-40 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:1063 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes These are verbal suffixes Zúñiga 2006, 110 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:193 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:22 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:75 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:552-5 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Sánchez and Castro 1977:66 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p293 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 277 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Clausal negator is suffixed to the verb (-ñe) and followed by the impersonal suffix -na. Minor and Minor 1982. p.72 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2005: 326, example 660 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p.135 Chris Clack
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak;Chris Clack To form a negative, the suffix -bE is attached to the verb following any derivational suffixes and the desiderative suffix, but preceding all other suffixes.
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 158 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.61-62 Chris Clack
Barasano yes The suffix -beti is used to express standard negation. Jones & Jones 1991, p.125 Chris Clack A shortened form, -be, occurs also.
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.145 Chris Clack
Siona yes suffix Wheeler - 1987:151 Daniel Smith
Tukano yes suffix Ramirez 1997: 151 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 313-314 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:328-9 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:42-3 Daniel Valle
Aché yes Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:531 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 64 done 0
Garrwa no? 36-7, 47-8 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no n237-8 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 95-6 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 156-158 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 135 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 70 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 57 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 75, 77 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 141-2 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 56 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 57 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 39 done 0
Uradhi No 381 Y 0
Paakantyi no 228 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 205 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info 78 done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 239 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no 196 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 68 done 0
Martuthunira no 178-179 done 0
Marrgany No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 197 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 436 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 59 wordlist done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 98-9 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no? 204 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 151 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 334-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 155 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 107 0
Dyirbal No 117-8 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 110-111 done 0
Djinang No 146 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 46, 54-5 done 1
Bularnu yes 99 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 56-7 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 48 done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 236-41 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 56 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 81 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 103 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 97-98 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 78 done 1
Katthang yes 90 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no 174-175 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 102 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no 109 done 0
Yindjilindji no 504 done 0
Bandjalang No 139 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 98 done 1
Arrernte Yes 175 1
Kokatha No 36 0
Karajarri No 348 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 244 1
Ritharrngu Yes 101 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 82 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 874 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 54 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 141, 144 0
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 83 Y2 0
Narungga No 57 done 0
Tharrkari No 51 0
Wajarri No 132 0
Warungu no 295 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps