Negatives: affix

Category
Simple Clauses - Negation
Notes
Negatives: affix

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 131 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 302-303 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes verbal suffix Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Warekena no Aikhenvald 1998: 264 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 204 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Proclitic and enclitic negation, sometimes both are used. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 523, Shauer 1978: 39 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 400 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 530-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1982:19 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:38 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:179-81 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:96-9 Daniel Valle
Baure yes mo- as a privative prefix Danielsen 2007: p338 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:51-2 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and Green 1972:42-3 Daniel Valle
Yine no info no discussion of negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:100 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:72; Thiesen - 1996:70 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 345 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 55 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne2012:353 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 237, 238 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes This is a verbal suffix Frank 1990:6 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes The verbal suffix is represented as zha but there is no clue of what its phonological represenation might be. However, it isn ot clear in the source but it seems that negation is encoded along with tense in a portmanteau suffix. Stendal 1976.16 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:63-8 Daniel Valle
Damana yes It is a verbal suffix Williams 1993:90 Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:67; Queixalós - 2000:14, 25 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993:48 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:324-6 Daniel Valle The first suffix occurs in present and remote past tenses whereas the second occurs elsewhere
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:98 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Peeke 1991:19 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1974:39-40 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:1063 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, 110 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:193 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:22 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Verbal suffix. Based on examples Montes 2004b:75 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:552-5 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes It is a verbal suffix Loewen 1954:53 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 100 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p293 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 277 Shannon Dardis /-thi/ is the negative suffix
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.16 Christopher Clack occurs with verbs
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes derived from the verb mɛ̃h, 'not.exist/not.have' Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 7 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes turns dynamic verb into stative verb stem also Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes clitic Stenzel 2004, p. 315 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack shortened versions also used (-be/bi)
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.61-62 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.125 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Sentence negation is expressed by the verbal suffix -be which immegiately follows the verb root Strom 1992, p.145 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:151 Daniel Smith
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 23, 116; Ramirez 1997: 151-154 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 313-314 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:328-9 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:42-3 Daniel Valle
Aché yes It is a verbal suffix Rossler 2008:89 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:531 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 64 done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri yes s58, n24 done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 88 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 157 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 135 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 116-7 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 34 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 75, 77 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu yes 141-2 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 56 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu no 57 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes 27 done 1
Uradhi No 381 Y 0
Paakantyi no 228 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 205 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 78 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 239 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 14 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 77 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 68 done 0
Martuthunira no 88-90 done 0
Marrgany No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 436 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna yes 17 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 78 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 225 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 80 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 335 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 107 0
Dyirbal No 117-8 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 110-111 done 0
Djinang No 146 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 58 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung no 46 done 0
Bularnu yes 100 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 56-7 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 94 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 56 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung no 81 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 103 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 79, 89-91 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 51, 78 done 1
Katthang yes 90 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 42 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 41, 174-175 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 101-103 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes FO 127, K85c 91 done 1
Wakaya no 109 done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 139 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 98 done 1
Arrernte Yes 175 1
Kokatha Yes 36 1
Karajarri No 348 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 245 1
Ritharrngu Yes 101 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 82 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 873 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 54 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes 106 1
Bilinarra yes 4.4.1.2 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 50 Y2 0
Narungga No 57 done 0
Tharrkari No 51 0
Wajarri No 132 0
Warungu yes 222, 285, 319 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes ma- Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps