Negatives: particle

Category
Simple Clauses - Negation
Notes
Negatives: particle

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 131 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 302-303 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Warekena yes Negative proclitic and enclitic Aikhenvald 1998: 264 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 204 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 523 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 400 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 530-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1982:19 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:38 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes The word ama "not" Duff-Tripp 1997:179 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Based on examples Couto 2005:56 Daniel Valle
Baure yes preverbal particle /nka/; "used for general negation of a predicate" Danielsen 2007: p338 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes A clitic that attaches phonologically to whatever is to the right. Michael, 2008. p. 379-380 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:51-2 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:42-3 Daniel Valle
Yine no info no discussion of negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989:100 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:72 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 345 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 55 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Thomas Payne 1989:42 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 237, 238 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes prohibitive, volitional neg., ability negative Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes negator particle Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:120-121 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bourland 1976:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:63-8 Daniel Valle
Damana no Williams 1993:90-93 Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:67; Queixalós - 2000:14, 25 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:48 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:324-6, 481-2 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:98-102 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Peeke 1991:19 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1974:39-40 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:996 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, 110 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:193 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:22 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:93 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:558-62 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Sánchez and Castro 1977:66 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes occurs at beginning of declarative Landaburu 1979: 100 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p293 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 277 Shannon Dardis jani is the negative particle that comes before the verb (you don't see it in subordinate clauses though)
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes The particle suffixed following the actual negator (-ñe) is usually -no but varies in some instances. Example; conditional accion. Minor and Minor 1982. p.72-75 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 7 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 315 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.61-62 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Negative particles bẽhe (J) / bẽ (E) follows nouns, pronouns, postpositional phrases, adjectives, and adverbs. Jones & Jones 1991, p.128 Chris Clack It always occurs somewhere before the verb. The scope of negation is limited to the item which it follows.
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.145 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:151 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 23, 116; Ramirez 1997: 151 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 313-314 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:328-9 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:42-3 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:531 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 64 done 1
Garrwa yes 36-7 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes n237-8 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 95-6 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 156-158 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 135 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 70 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 57 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 75, 77 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 141-2 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 56 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 57 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes 39 done 1
Uradhi Yes 381 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 228-229 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 205 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 78 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 127 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 239 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 14 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 196 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 68 done 1
Martuthunira yes 178-179 done 1
Marrgany yes 343 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 124 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 113 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 436 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 59 wordlist done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 98-9 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 204 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 151 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 334-5 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 155 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 107 1
Dyirbal yes 117-8 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 110-111 done 1
Djinang Yes 146 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 169-170 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 58 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 46 done 1
Bularnu yes 99 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 56-7 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 48, 124-6 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 236-41 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no? 56 done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 81 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 103 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 97-98 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 72, 74 done 1
Katthang no 90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 48 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 174-175 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 30 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 343 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 103 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes FO 127 done 1
Wakaya yes 109 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 504 done 1
Bandjalang yes 139 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara No 98 done 0
Arrernte No 175 0
Kokatha Yes 36 1
Karajarri Yes 348 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 244 1
Ritharrngu Yes 101 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 82 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 873 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 54 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 144 1
Bilinarra yes 7.4 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 50 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 57 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 51 1
Wajarri Yes 132 1
Warungu yes 271 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps