Distinct negative form for 'NP does not exist'

Simple Clauses - Negation


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 140 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro no No indication that there is a separate strategy for negating an NP. Allin, 1976: 109, 150, 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 241 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 523, Shauer 1978: 39 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no The regular negative verb can have the meaning 'no haber,' as well as 'no ser' or 'no estar.' Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no The prefix ma- (see predicate negation marker ma-…-kade) can be used to express lack of body part/kinship relation (seemingly only with inalienable nouns). Aikhenvald, 2003: 400, 410 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 530-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no info Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:179-81 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Negative existential, can also be used with a clausal complement to indicate negation of the complement in a specific location. Michael, 2008. p. 382-383 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:54 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info no discussion on negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes *Word for zero is a sentence level negation marker Hall 1988: 303 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no info Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Thomas Payne 1989:36 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 237 to 240 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana no It seems that the same negative suffix may negate a NP Williams 1993:90-93 Daniel Valle
Sikuani no info Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle There is a verb which means "it does not exist"
Northern Emberá no There is a change in the order of the negator to negate an NP. Not sure if this different semantics counts as "distintict negative form" Mortensen 1999:98-102 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes There is a negative particle for "there is not" {dae} Peeke 1991:19, 38 Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Zúñiga 2006, 87-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no There is a distinct negative marker for NPs Giron 2008: p293 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.16, 72-75 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no use of the verb form ba-doh 'be.inexistent' Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 7 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 90-96 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 265 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack scarce info.
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.61-62 Chris Clack Koreguaje has some verbs that are inherently negative.
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.127 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.145 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 14 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely evidenced by examples
Ninam no uses same form Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 81-82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no tɨma emete 'NEG exist' Vallejos 2010:446 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no info done x
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 168 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 135 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no H Dictionary 61 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 57 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 381 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 222 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no info Done-Emily x
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira no info done x
Marrgany No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 419 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 151 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 334-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay Yes 92 1
Dyirbal No info done-Amalia x
Duungidjawu no 93 done 0
Djinang No 146 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 45-7 done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info 81 done x
Mathi-Mathi no 103 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 56 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 175 done 0
Katthang no 287 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 343 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen Maybe 70 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No info Done-Amalia x
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 84 0
Kokatha No 36 0
Karajarri No 348 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 242 0
Ritharrngu Yes 102 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 82 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No info 83 Y2 x
Narungga No info 57 done x
Tharrkari No 20 0
Wajarri No info 132 x
Warungu no 324 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes ɲáme néenika Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps