Distinct negative expression 'I don't know'

Simple Clauses - Negation
Lexical expression or highly idiomatic phrase


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 137 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no info Allin 1976 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 34 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no info Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 523, Shauer 1978: 39 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 64 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no info Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 400 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 530-533 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:29 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:179-81 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 378-385 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info no discussion on negation Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 300, 387 Melody Ann Ross example sentence on pg. 300; gloss on 387 gives 'da as 'no one knows' as well as negation marker
Makushi no info Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no info Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 237, 238 Shannon Dardis
Guna no wissuli Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no info Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani no info Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:324-6, 481-2 Daniel Valle However, negative clause need to have a focused NP
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.16, 72-75 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no info Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 7 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no info Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.60 Chris Clack scarce info.
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.62 Chris Clack Distinct verb form for know (neg); wesɨ̃- 'no saber'
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.125-132 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.146 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:178 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 17 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no info Kelsey Neely
Ninam no uses pemi negation Goodwin-Gomez, p.102 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no uses /ma/ and /mi/ negation markers Borgman 1990: 81-82 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no info done x
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri yes LG43 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 196 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny no info done-Catherine x
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 20 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung yes 77 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 184 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H Dictionary 66 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 61 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 381 Y 1
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 241 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 252 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no info Done-Emily x
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No info 220 done x
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No info Done-Amalia x
Kuuk Thaayorre No 579 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 479 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 177 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 333 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun yes 161 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 175 0
Dyirbal yes 124 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 111 done 0
Djinang No 147 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung maybe 47 done 1
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 241 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 108 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung yes 118 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no 103 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 56 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 35 done 0
Katthang yes 335 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul yes 30, 47 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No info Done-Amalia x
Kunjen No 106 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 132 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 148 done 0
Arrernte Yes 284 1
Kokatha No 57 0
Karajarri No 254 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 294 1
Ritharrngu No 101-2 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 59 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 871 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No info 83 Y2 x
Narungga No 89 done 0
Tharrkari No info 50 x
Wajarri No info 132 x
Warungu yes? 162 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no info Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps