Relativizer is a verbal affix

Simple Clauses - Predication


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 143 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes The verbal marker changes depending on whether the subject or object of the relative clause is being relativized. Allin, 1976: 359-360 Aimee Lawrence
Bare n/a Relatives are marked by indefinite person prefix -a on verb Aikhenvald, 1995: 46 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no There doesn't seem to be an overt relativizer. Galindo, 2002: 341-342 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes There are four relativizers that are attached to the verb, one for relativizing singular nouns, three for plural nouns. Shauer & Shauer, 1978, p. 23-24 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes The description in Mansen and Captain (2000) says that the 'definite article' (=gender agreement marker?) is suffixed to the verb in the relative clause. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes The negative version is ma-. This element is prefixed to every verbal element when the relative clause predicate is a serial verb construction. Aikhenvald, 2003: 460 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 564 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes a set of relative affixes Mihas 2010: Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:42 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:206 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Relative clauses are made out of sentence nominalizations in which the nominalizer is a verbal morpheme which may be also described as a relativizer Danielsen 2007:398 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes There are three types of relative clauses. One of the three subtypes, unranked relative clauses, uses a verbal morpheme as a relativizer. Michael, 2008. p. 402 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:70-71 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Verb forms are nominalized with the suffix -dü and may be marked w/ person prefixes and temporal suffixes. Hall 1988: 351 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no A relative pronoun or a demonstrative. Carson 1982:164-169 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:424 Daniel Smith
Pemon no This relativizer is usually used to introduced relative clause in which the subject of the main clause is co-referential with the object of the relative clause de Armellada 1999:179 Daniel Valle
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no There is no relativizer Frank 1985:130-3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:174 Daniel Valle
Damana no It seems that there is no relativizer Williams 1993:149-54 Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000; 49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:253-5 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no It seems that there is no relativizer Mortensen 1999:127-30 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:1019 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no There is no relativizer Zúñiga 2006, p. 249 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Soto 1976:152-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1990:103 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:320 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p232 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 303 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes nominalizer Minor and Minor 1982. p.95 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p.148 Chris Clack
Cubeo yes nominalizer is a verbal affix Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 147 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Verb used in relative clause takes on markers (not Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.41-42 Chris Clack embedded relative clauses
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.41 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.149 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.152 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:117-118 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 279-285 Kelsey Neely from examples
Yanomami no pronoun retention Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely from examples (there were only 3 or 4)
Ninam no particle occurring after the verb Goodwin-Gomez, p. 131-132 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 133 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no There is no relativizer Everett 2006:381 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes ha is the mos frequent relativizert but there are some others Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:152-9 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:567 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no ms17.1.1.i done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no n240, n60 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 183-184 done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 58-62 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu No 58 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 378 Y 1
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 217 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 294-301 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes? 225 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 72-73 done 0
Martuthunira yes 244 done 1
Marrgany No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 533 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no info 181 Done-Jessica x
Kugu-Nganhcara No 430 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no 100-1 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No info Done-Amalia x
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 357 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay Yes 113 1
Dyirbal yes 99 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 103-104 done 1
Djinang No 207 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 205 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu yes 80 Done-Austin 1
Biri n/a 61 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 269 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 135 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no info done-Amalia x
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati yes 69-70 done 1
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no 198 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 32 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama yes 227-231 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 47 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 56 Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 133 done 0
Wakaya yes 239 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 122 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 114 done 1
Arrernte No 268 0
Kokatha no info 33 x
Karajarri Yes 396 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 154 1
Ritharrngu Yes 111 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 73 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no 938 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 136-7 1
Bilinarra no 8.1.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 73 Y2 1
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 53 0
Wajarri Yes 114 1
Warungu yes 613 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:342 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps