Morphological relativizer is homophonous with nominalizer

Simple Clauses - Predication
The same morpheme marks a relative clause and is a nominalizer on verbs (and/or other word classes)


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 145 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Nominalizers are -´:tsi, -´:kátsí/-káami, -mináagí, while relative clauses are marked with -ní (object relativization) or -ví (subject relativization). Allin, 1976: 109-112, 359 Aimee Lawrence
Bare n/a Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no There doesn't seem to be an overt relativizer, while there are several types of nominalizing morphology. Galindo, 2002: 341-342 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes -ka functions as a nominalizer and a subordinator for relative clauses (as well as complement and adverbial clausess). Shauer & Shauer, 2000, p 526 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 46-48, 69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no The relativizer is homophonous with gender markers/'definite articles'. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes The relativizer can also be used as an agent nominalizer. Aikhenvald, 2003: 461 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Nominalizers and relativizers do not look related. Facundes, 2000: 240-245 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Mihas 2010 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-58 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:38-40, 65, 79 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Relative clauses are made out of sentence nominalizations in which the nominalizer is a verbal morpheme which may be also described as a relativizer Danielsen 2007:398 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Ranked relative clauses use the second position clitic =rira, this is also a nominalization strategy. Michael, 2008. p. 303, 402 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:70-71 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982:164-169 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Payne 2012:97,424 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:175-94, 252-9 Daniel Valle
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:130-3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:43-53, 173-5 Daniel Valle
Damana no Williams 1993:149-54 Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000; 49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:198, 253-7 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:127-30 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no There is no relativizer but nominalizer Fleck:316 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 249 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Soto 1976:152-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1990:103 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:320 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p232, 245 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 243 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.95-96 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Two nominalizers: doo (referent is specific), and peh (referent is not specific). doo nominalizes an argument to make it a relative clause Weir 1984:65-66 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no but a demonstrative and an interrogative PN can function as relativizers Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p.148 Chris Clack The same nominalizing suffixes are used, whether the nominalized clause functions as subject, direct object, indirect object, oblique object, possessor equative predicate of a predicate nominal, or noun phrase constituent.
Cubeo yes most subordinate clauses are formed by nominalizing the verb Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 147 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes nominalizer appears on RCs, may occur with or without another classifier Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.41-42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.41 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.149 Chris Clack What might normally appear to be a relative clause is analyzed as a nominalized cluase in apposition to a noun, pronoun, proper name, or noun phrase in a subject position.
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.152 Chris Clack
Siona no There is no marking for a relative clause. Wheeler - 1987:117-118 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 279-285 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely from examples (there were only 3 or 4)
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p. 131-132 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no relativizer is an anaphor: rel pn /i/ followed by the appropriate classifier pronoun (person/ number marker or noun classifier) Borgman 1990: 133 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:381 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:115-8, 152-9 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes? ms4.1.2, ms17.1.1.i done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no n25, n60 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 183-184 done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 50, 59 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu No 58 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 378 Y 1
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 217 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 291 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no? 82, 225 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 72-73 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 533 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no info 181 Done-Jessica x
Kugu-Nganhcara No 430 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no 79, 100-1 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No info Done-Amalia x
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 365 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 113 0
Dyirbal No 99 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 43, 104 done 0
Djinang No 207 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no 80 Done-Austin 0
Biri n/a 61 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr no 89, 135 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no info done-Amalia x
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati yes 69-70 done 1
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no 198 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 32 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 227-231 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 56 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 122 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 114 done 1
Arrernte No 321 0
Kokatha no info 33 x
Karajarri Yes 396 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 154 1
Ritharrngu No 111 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 73 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 136-7 1
Bilinarra no, 8.1.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 73 Y2 1
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 53 0
Wajarri N/A 132 0
Warungu no 227-9, 613 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps