Grammaticalized verbal desiderative

Simple Clauses - Desiderative expressions
Indicates that the subject desires to carry out the action denoted by the verb (distinct from verb 'want', but may be grammaticalized from it)


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Almost never with reference to second-person, usually with reference to first-person. Allin, 1976: 339 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no info Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no The verb -wawa does this function, but it's an auxiliary. Galindo, 2002: 299 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 523 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes The particle tálima is invariable and doesn't seem to be a verb. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 67 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no No mention of a desiderative in mood/modality morphology. Aikhenvald, 2003: 373-399 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 316 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-58 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes This is the orthographic form. The grapheme "ñ" probably stands for a palatal nasal. Duff-Tripp 1997:107 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes However, this suffix is called subjective in this grammar. Danielsen 2007:231 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 247-290 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:79 Daniel Valle
Yine yes Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Carson 1982:157 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa yes Tosantos 1977:29 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes [-te] comes from the word for "chest" and puek is a postposition which has different meaning amog them dative and source de Armellada 1999: 128 Daniel Valle
Guna yes -bi is short form Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no verb woydë 'want' Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:60-104 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1985:126-8 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:135-6 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:354 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortense 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes However, this verbal suffix is restricted in the way that the verb can take only a small set of objects as its arguments like "meat", "water", etc. Levinson 1976b:14 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:434 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Probably not Daniel Valle
Páez yes Rojas:416-7 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes This verbal suffix seems to be of recent grammaticalization since it can appear by itself and it also means "desire". Montes 2004b:50-51 Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes verbal suffix -ʌ́to, also suffix on pronoun; glossed "want" Landaburu 1979, p.122-123; 208 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p275 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes The desiderative mood is conveyed by putting together 3 suffixes (the agentive verb nominalizer ri, the verbalizor means 'to be' ya and the potential mood suffix sa) Huayhua Pari 2001: 139, 156, 157 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982, p.18 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no desiderative expressed via full verb Weir 1984, e.g. p.286 ex II.2b Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes desiderative is expressed by two modals in the clause; particles, not verbal morphology Martins 20045:481 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Nominalizations formed with the deverbalizer -ro may function as object complement of desiderative verbs. Miller 1999, p.147 Chris Clack The verb root is either gãb˜e- 'want' or a verb root plus the desiderative -dia.
Cubeo yes probably related to verb root '-ɨ' Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 27 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 312 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64-65 Chris Clack not indicated/expected
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.82 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Adverbial clauses of intention are marked with -rʉa (desiderative) plus nominalizers for gender and number which agree with the subject of the main clause. Jones & Jones 1991, p.156 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.159-170 Chris Clack
Siona no Apparent that only the verb for "want" is used. Wheeler - 1987:138-168 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes not a single dedicated suffix, but uses a combination of suffixes: gender/number-ti-' Ramirez 1997: 167 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes 1st part comes after person marking clitics, second part comes after aspect (and tense? Ramirez 1994: 311 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no inflected verb used instead Goodwin-Gomez: 98 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes "desired fulfillment" Borgman 1990: 196 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:279-80 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Zarratea 2002:101 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa yes fpro6, 51 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 4 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha no 130-1 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu no 119-120 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-49 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 22 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 207 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no info Done-Emily x
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 176 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 58 done 0
Martuthunira no 136-164 done 0
Marrgany No 316 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 530 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 95 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 437 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 92 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 354-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay no 59 0
Dyirbal No 246-9 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu yes 114 done 1
Djinang No 167 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 45 done 1
Bularnu no 74 Done-Austin 0
Biri no 39 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr yes 53 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 38-41 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 87 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 77 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no done 0
Katthang no 91-92 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 169 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no? Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 22 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 326 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 113 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no 208 done 0
Yindjilindji no 511 done 0
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 156 done 0
Arrernte No 344 0
Kokatha Yes 32 1
Karajarri No 176 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 236 0
Ritharrngu No 105 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 52-9 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 869 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 46 0
Wajarri No 96 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps