Clause chaining

Simple Clauses - Other
Clauses can be grouped such that only one bears most of the verb morphology, and the others are marked as to whether they share a subject with this reference clause.


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 154 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 370-372 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 287-313 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no All of the examples of multiple clauses have person marking on all the verbs. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 21-23 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Strings of three or four verbs can be combined, but all carry their own person markers. No mention of whether all verbs get tense/aspect marking. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 93 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Each verb bears its own morphology. Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen and Mansen (1976) do not discuss this as clause chaining explicitly, but they describe a "simple sentence" as a nucleus plus one or more temporal, logical, or temporal-logical margins, which are marked with same/different subject particles, while t Mansen & Mansen, 1976: p. 166-172, Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 516 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no No discussion of clause chaining among description of complex clauses. Facundes, 2000: 560-612 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:1038; Payne 1983:130140 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:54 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:188 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p412 Mitz Perez
Nanti no There are clause linking strategies, but verbs in both clauses have required morphology. Michael, 2008. p. 427-440 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:248-257 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Hall 1988 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Clausal serialization occurs, but there is no evidence of shared subject marking. Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no not a classic clause-chaining language Payne 2012:403 Daniel Smith
Pemon no Each verb has its own person inflection de Armellada 1999: 16-5, 105-226 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:91 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000; 49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:483 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes There is verb serialization Mortensen 1999:59-60 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:1132 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 102-94 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes These suffixes also mark switch referene a temporal relation Parker 1965:53 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:847 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p411-413 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 302 to 311 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.78 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no info Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 154 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no info Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 148 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes verb sequence constructions, where last one takes inflection but they form separate phonological words (unlike SVCs/compounds) sect. 11.6 (Neb Press) Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.68 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.89-94 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.149-160 Chris Clack epps - check for same subject vs diff subj
Tanimuca no Strom 1992,p.151-158 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:138-178 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no each of clauses with switch reference appears to have the same amount of verbal morphology Ramirez 1997: 256-8 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no info Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes he calls this "chaining" but I'm not sure that it fits the description in this template Borgman 1990: 102 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:567-665 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no info done x
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no 197-206 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu yes 122-4 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 51 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no? 222-5 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira no 240-263 done 0
Marrgany yes 318 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 442 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 410 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no 112-3 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80, 128 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 300 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 74 0
Dyirbal yes 71 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 102 done 0
Djinang No 167 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 202; 218 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no 61-4 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 266-82 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no 134-7 done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 108 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 68 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 89 done 0
Katthang no 101 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no 264-287 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta yes? Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 24 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 324 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 108 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 108 done 0
Arrernte Yes 362 1
Kokatha No 29 0
Karajarri Maybe 147 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara No G 199 0
Ritharrngu Yes 74 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 92 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps