Morphologically marked distinction between simultaneous and sequential clauses

Simple Clauses - Other
Morphology (usually on verb) distinguishes between clauses denoting events that occur at the same time or in sequence


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no The difference between simultaneous and sequential clauses is marked with a difference of coordinators, rather than morphologically. Allin, 1976: 372-373 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes The sequential -ka Aikhenvald, 1995: 39 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no An adverbial form does this. Galindo, 2002: 222 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Simultaneous clauses are marked morphologically, while sequential clauses are identified by a missing subject. Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 21 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 63-69, 93 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Referred to as an "interrupter" or "intermitent" event. Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes There are particles that do switch-reference and also marks the difference between concurrent and sequential clauses. Mansen & Mansen, 1976: p. 166-172, Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 804 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Fused with switch-reference markers. Aikhenvald, 2003: 516 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no No discussion among description of morphology. Facundes, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Verb order shows the order of events. Payne 1981:1038; Payne 1983:130140 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:54-58 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:188 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes There is a verbal suffix marker meaning "before" which conjoins two clauses in a temporal relation of sequence. Danielsen 2007:418 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Temporal succession is marked with the particle iNpogini or iNpo. Brief overlap is indicated with the subordinator =ra, and prolonged overlap with a particle tyara, `when.' Michael, 2008. p. 429-432 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:248-257 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Hall 1988; Escoriaza 1959:15-18 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks
Makushi yes Carson 1982:167 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Payne 2012:204-421 Daniel Smith
Pemon no info more likely not Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:91-5 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Stendal 1976:10 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000; 49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:496-500 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1987:27-9 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:1132 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 102-94 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:53 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:61-62 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes uncertain; sequential particle noko comes after Pn+suffixes and before V Landaburu 1979: 173 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p411-413 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 309, 310 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes The simultaneous subordinate sentence is often introduced with the adverb "mei" and always ends with the simultaneous suffix "-za" on the principal verb. Minor and Minor 1982. p.80 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes various post-verbal particles Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 157 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes there are six total distinctions (simultaneously, immiediately prior, marks beginning point) Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 163-164 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes sequence can be indicated via compounded root 'finish, though this is not required Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.68 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.89-92 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.141-154 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes The suffix -baraka indicates that the event of the subordinate clause is simultaneous with the event of the matrix clause. The suffix -tirã indicates that the event of the subordinate clause immediately precedes the event of the matrix clause. Strom 1992, p.169 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1970:92 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no info West and Welch 2004; Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 320, 167 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p. 132-134 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no denoted with particles : /tehe/ 'while', /pali/ 'first', /ha/ 'after' Borgman 1990: 158-160 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:323-4 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:567-665 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes ms10.6.3.iii done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny no info done-Catherine x
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 141, 233 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 122 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 51 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 378 Y 1
Paakantyi no 210 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta yes 203 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no 62-64 done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no info Done-Emily x
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 222 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira yes 139-141 done 1
Marrgany No 318 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 417 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 156 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 434 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 58 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 135 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 347 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 79 0
Dyirbal yes 77-9 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 84 done 1
Djinang No 160 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 187; 213; 221 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 47 done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no 61-4 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 269 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 103 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 54 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 108 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 202 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 65 done 1
Katthang no 95-101 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 170, 265 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 24-25 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 18 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info FO 133 done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 125 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 157 done 1
Arrernte Yes 358 1
Kokatha No 67 0
Karajarri Yes 397 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 171 1
Ritharrngu No 110-111 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 71 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 936 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 55 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra yes 8.1999999999999992895 done 1
Wiradjuri yes 18 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 96 Y2 1
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari Yes 49 1
Wajarri No 113 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no except for converb construction marking simultaneous single-subject events, and serial mechanisms for sequentials. Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps