Productive VV serialization (without compounding)

Morphology - Compounding, auxiliaries, light verbs
Verb roots can be combined in a single predicate without markers of subordination (distinct from subordinating construction) or distinct inflection


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Western Mono
Southern Paiute
Southern Ute
Idaho Shoshone
Northern Paiute
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 117
Resígaro no No indication that verb roots or stems can combine productively at any level. Allin, 1976: 97, 105-109, 124-150, 204-223
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 40
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 139-142, 150-180, 235-268
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521-524
Yavitero yes Possible to have a number of verbs strung together without subordination (although this is covered in a section on subordination). All verbs receive person-marking. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 93
Wapishana yes Santos 2006
Wayuu no info
Tariana yes Aikhenvald 2003: 424
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 464-469
Asheninka Apurucayali no However, there is a process of stringing together verbs that each carry their own markings, which produces one thought. For example, ("it will have happened + I will want + I will go + I will accompany + father" = "then I will want to go with father") Payne 1981:13
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:44
Yanesha' no info more likely not Duff-Tripp
Kinikinau no info
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p31
Nanti no Michael, 2008
Paresi yes There is verb serialization, mainly with directionals verbs such as "go"and "go". However, it is not clear whether it is productive or not. Brandão 2010:25-6
Palikur no info Launey 2003
Yine no info Matteson 1965
Añun no info Patte 1989
Bora no Seifart - 2005
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 339, 341 Ex. (35)b. Also, subordinate verbs DO have a marker (p. 341-2)
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 No evidence of this; examples support an answer of "no."
Eñepa no no mention of verb serialization Payne 2012
Pemon no info
Guna no Smith texts
Naso yes positionals are not affixed Quesada 2000
Ika no info
Kogi no info
Cabecar no info
Guaymí no Quevedo 2008:99-146
Damana no info
Sikuani yes Second verb usually takes tense/mood marking, while first verb takes person/number. de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:93-94; Queixalós - 2000
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993
Aguaruna no info more likely no
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:59-88 Catío
Waorani yes based on examples Peeke 1991:24-25
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b
Matses no info
Mapudungun yes Salas 1992, p.192 Although it is not clear if it is a productive pattern of the language.
Páez no info
Quechua Ayacuchano yes But it seems to happen with a restricted set of verbs. Namely, the verbs "to care, happen" ima and " Parker 1965:86
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:80-86, 101-120
Urarina yes Olawsky:629
Waunana no info
Andoke no info
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p220
Central Aymara no info
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes
Kaingang no info Silva 2011
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.19-27
Hup no Epps 2008
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:34 example 2.21
Dâw yes Martins 2004:173
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 88
Cubeo no Chacon (n.d.) argues that Cubeo uses converbs, not serialization Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 65; Chacon (n.d.)
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43 agglutinative
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-87 possible example @ top of p,90
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.45
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.32
Siona yes Wheeler 1987:163
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 95-96; 116
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 see p.330. probably not serialization because verbs (all in one phonological word) take different morphology. 1st has VCRM w/ aspect, and 2nd has aspect and tense.
Ninam no one verb will be subordinated with -wei suffix Migliazza 1972, p.65, 73, 75
Sanumá no info
Surui no info
Karitiana no info more likely not productive
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011
Paraguayan Guaraní no info
Aché no info
Kokama no not likely productive, but the author does not explicitly states it Vallejos 2010:155
Nyangumarta yes 1
Jingulu no 0
Wambaya yes 1
Bunuba no info x
Walmajarri no? 0
Nyulnyul no info x
Warrwa no info x
Worrorra yes ms11.2.1 1
Garrwa no info X
Gooniyandi no info x
Warlpiri yes s49 1
Bardi yes 1
Yorta Yorta no info x
Yir Yoront
Yindjibarndi no 176-183 0
Yidiny check 0
Yanyuwa no info x
Yandruwandha no 146-7 0
Yalarnnga no info x
Woiwurrung maybe 76 1
Wirangu yes 122-4 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 51 0
Warumungu No 32 0
Wangkumara no info X
Uradhi No 364 0
Paakantyi no info X
Pitta-Pitta No 201 0
Pintupi no info x
Nyungar no info x
Nhanta no info x
Ngiyambaa yes 204 1
Ngayawang No info x
Muruwari no info x
Mayi-Yapi No 55 0
Martuthunira yes 247-249 1
Marrgany No 319 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 204 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 0
Kaurna No info x
Kalkatungu yes 109 1
Jaru yes 95 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 79 0
Gureng Gureng no info x
Gumbaynggirr no 345-6 0
Gugu-Badhun no info x
Yuwaalaraay No 61 0
Dyirbal No 55 0
Duungidjawu no 81, 102 0
Djinang No 127 0
Diyari yes 98 1
Dharawal no info x
Darkinyung no info x
Bularnu no 0
Biri no info x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info x
Batyala no info x
Arabana no 210-12 0
Alyawarr no 0
Nyikina no 0
Yulparija No 35 0
Wathawurrung no 85 0
Mathi-Mathi yes 109-111 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info x
Thanggati yes 91 1
Katthang no info x
Panyjima yes 191 1
Ngarinyeri No info x
Kurrama no 241, 7.22 0
Yingkarta no 0
Githabul No 24 0
Gunya No 329 0
Kunjen No 113 0
WesternTorres yes? K85c 89-90 1
Wakaya no 0
Yindjilindji no info 512 x
Bandjalang No 86 0
Ngaatjatjara No 65 0
Arrernte Yes 362 1
Kokatha Yes 33 1
Karajarri No 164 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 199 1
Ritharrngu No 85 0
Warrgamay No 45 0
Warluwarra no 0
Warnman no info x
Djapu yes 87-93 1
Bilinarra no 8.1.6 0
Wiradjuri no info x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 0
Narungga No info x
Tharrkari No 30 0
Wajarri No 92 0
Warungu yes 367 1
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990:
Baniwa yes limited to asymmetric type with just a few combinatory possibilities Aikhenvald 2010