Productive VV serialization (without compounding)

Category
Morphology - Compounding, auxiliaries, light verbs
Notes
Verb roots can be combined in a single predicate without markers of subordination (distinct from subordinating construction) or distinct inflection

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 117 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No indication that verb roots or stems can combine productively at any level. Allin, 1976: 97, 105-109, 124-150, 204-223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 40 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 386 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 139-142, 150-180, 235-268 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521-524 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Possible to have a number of verbs strung together without subordination (although this is covered in a section on subordination). All verbs receive person-marking. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 93 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no info Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald 2003: 424 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 464-469 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no However, there is a process of stringing together verbs that each carry their own markings, which produces one thought. For example, ("it will have happened + I will want + I will go + I will accompany + father" = "then I will want to go with father") Payne 1981:13 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:44 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info more likely not Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p31 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes There is verb serialization, mainly with directionals verbs such as "go"and "go". However, it is not clear whether it is productive or not. Brandão 2010:25-6 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 339, 341 Melody Ann Ross Ex. (35)b. Also, subordinate verbs DO have a marker (p. 341-2)
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks No evidence of this; examples support an answer of "no."
Eñepa no no mention of verb serialization Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes positionals are not affixed Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quevedo 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Second verb usually takes tense/mood marking, while first verb takes person/number. de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:93-94; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle more likely no
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes based on examples Peeke 1991:24-25 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Salas 1992, p.192 Daniel Valle Although it is not clear if it is a productive pattern of the language.
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes But it seems to happen with a restricted set of verbs. Namely, the verbs "to care, happen" ima and " Parker 1965:86 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:80-86, 101-120 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:629 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p220 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.19-27 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:34 example 2.21 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004:173 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 88 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Chacon (n.d.) argues that Cubeo uses converbs, not serialization Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 65; Chacon (n.d.) Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43 Chris Clack agglutinative
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-87 Chris Clack possible example @ top of p,90
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.45 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.32 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler 1987:163 Daniel Smith
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 95-96; 116 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely see p.330. probably not serialization because verbs (all in one phonological word) take different morphology. 1st has VCRM w/ aspect, and 2nd has aspect and tense.
Ninam no one verb will be subordinated with -wei suffix Migliazza 1972, p.65, 73, 75 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info more likely not productive Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no not likely productive, but the author does not explicitly states it Vallejos 2010:155 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no? Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes ms11.2.1 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri yes s49 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 176-183 done-Dan 0
Yidiny check done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no 146-7 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung maybe 76 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 122-4 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 51 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 32 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 364 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa yes 204 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 55 done 0
Martuthunira yes 247-249 done 1
Marrgany No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 204 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 109 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 95 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 79 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 345-6 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 61 0
Dyirbal No 55 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 81, 102 done 0
Djinang No 127 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 98 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 210-12 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 85 done 0
Mathi-Mathi yes 109-111 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati yes 91 done 1
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima yes 191 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no 241, 7.22 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 24 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 329 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 113 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes? K85c 89-90 done 1
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info 512 done x
Bandjalang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 65 done 0
Arrernte Yes 362 1
Kokatha Yes 33 1
Karajarri No 164 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 199 1
Ritharrngu No 85 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 87-93 1
Bilinarra no 8.1.6 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 30 0
Wajarri No 92 0
Warungu yes 367 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990: Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes limited to asymmetric type with just a few combinatory possibilities Aikhenvald 2010 Patience Epps