Productive VV compounding

Morphology - Compounding, auxiliaries, light verbs
Serial verb constructions involve chaining of roots together in one morphophonological word


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Western Mono
Southern Paiute
Southern Ute
Idaho Shoshone
Northern Paiute
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992
Resígaro no No indication that verb roots or stems can combine productively at any level. Allin, 1976: 97, 105-109, 124-150, 204-223
Bare no info Aikhenvald, 1995
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 139-142, 150-180
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521-524
Yavitero no Possible to chain verbs, but they are separate words. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 93
Wapishana no Santos 2006
Wayuu not clear Mansen & Captain (2000) note that there is verb "compounding" but the examples they give do not have multiple roots, they are roots plus things like causatives, etc. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801
Tariana yes There are two kinds of compounding Aikhenvald 2003: 446
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 4664-469
Asheninka Apurucayali no However, there is a process of stringing together verbs that each carry their own markings, which produces one thought. For example, ("it will have happened + I will want + I will go + I will accompany + father" = "then I will want to go with father") Payne 1981:13
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-47
Yanesha' no info more likely not Duff-Tripp
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:82
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p96-98
Nanti no Michael, 2008
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010
Palikur no info Launey 2003
Yine no info Matteson 1965
Añun no info Patte 1989
Bora no Seifart - 2005
Makiritare yes Hall 1988:340-341
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 No evidence of this; examples support an answer of "no."
Eñepa no no mention of verb serialization Payne 2012
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 138-9
Guna yes verb+positional and verb+directional Smith texts
Naso no Quesada 2000
Ika no info
Kogi no info
Cabecar no info
Guaymí no Quevedo 2008:99-146
Damana no info some verb constructions can be the product of a verb and a noun (i.e. "emanate from the body" + "sweat (n)" = "to sweat"
Sikuani yes Queixalós 1998:189-190
Macaguan yes Last sentence on the page gives an example of serialization Buenaventura 1993:86
Aguaruna no info more likely no
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortensen 1999:59-60 Catío
Waorani no info
Ingá no most examples are gerund+verb, but other constructions are possible Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b
Matses no info
Mapudungun yes But it is limited to verbs like "know", "have to" or "can" and any other verb to convey modality Zúñiga 2006, p. 135-9
Páez no info
Quechua Ayacuchano no info
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:80-86, 101-120
Urarina no Olawsky:426
Waunana no info
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 183
Puinave yes "It´s possible but it´s not clear if it´s productive" Dvalle Giron 2008: p220
Central Aymara no info
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes
Kaingang no info Silva 2011
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.19-27
Hup yes Epps 2008
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:33 example 2.19
Dâw no Martins 2004:180
Desano yes Desano makes use of verb compounding to enrich and expand the meaning of a clause. Miller 1999, p. 88 distinguished by stress
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.68
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 273
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-87 possible example @ top of p,90
Barasano yes Compound verbs are formed by a combination of two roots with the second one being inflected. Jones & Jones 1991, p.45
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.32
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:138-174
Tukano yes serialized verb compounds; certain verbs must be part of a serialized verb compound (pp. 95-96) Ramirez 1997: 95-96
Yanomami yes occurs with a variety of verbs, typically those which express adverbial-type concepts Ramirez 1994: p.364 it's not clear how productive this is.
Ninam yes can involve a verb root preceeded by a qualitative verb Goodwin-Gomez, p.115
Sanumá yes usually involves an intransitive verb Borgman 1990: p.208
Surui no info
Karitiana no info
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:429
Paraguayan Guaraní no info
Aché no info
Kokama no not likely since language is isolating Vallejos 2010:155
Nyangumarta no 0
Jingulu yes 1
Wambaya no info x
Bunuba no info x
Walmajarri yes 1
Nyulnyul no info x
Warrwa no info x
Worrorra yes 40, ms11.1 1
Garrwa no info X
Gooniyandi no info x
Warlpiri yes s38 1
Bardi no 0
Yorta Yorta no info x
Yir Yoront
Yindjibarndi no 82-83 0
Yidiny check 0
Yanyuwa no info x
Yandruwandha yes 169 1
Yalarnnga no info x
Woiwurrung no info x
Wirangu No 133-5 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 49-50 0
Warumungu No info x
Wangkumara yes r30 1
Uradhi No 364 0
Paakantyi no info X
Pitta-Pitta No 211 0
Pintupi no info x
Nyungar no info x
Nhanta no 115 0
Ngiyambaa yes 200-202 1
Ngayawang No info x
Muruwari no info x
Mayi-Yapi No 54-55 0
Martuthunira no 0
Marrgany No 319 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 341 0
Kuku Yalanji no 97, 101 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 445-6 0
Kaurna yes 14 1
Kalkatungu no 0
Jaru no 221 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 82 1
Gureng Gureng no info x
Gumbaynggirr yes 140-141 1
Gugu-Badhun no 0
Yuwaalaraay No 59 0
Dyirbal No 317 0
Duungidjawu no 88 0
Djinang No 127 0
Diyari no 69 0
Dharawal no info x
Darkinyung no 38 0
Bularnu yes 64-5 1
Biri no info x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info x
Batyala Yes 4 1
Arabana yes 204-5 1
Alyawarr yes 48 1
Nyikina no 0
Yulparija No 48 0
Wathawurrung no 85 0
Mathi-Mathi no 109-111 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info x
Thanggati no 91 0
Katthang no info x
Panyjima no 0
Ngarinyeri No info x
Kurrama no 0
Yingkarta no? 0
Githabul No info x
Gunya No 329 0
Kunjen yes 113 1
WesternTorres no 0
Wakaya yes 10.2.2 1
Yindjilindji no info x
Bandjalang No 86 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 74 1
Arrernte Yes 216 1
Kokatha Yes 44 1
Karajarri No 107 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 237 1
Ritharrngu Yes 85 1
Warrgamay No 45 0
Warluwarra no info x
Warnman no info x
Djapu no 87-93 0
Bilinarra no 0
Wiradjuri no info x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 48 0
Narungga No info x
Tharrkari No 30 0
Wajarri No 69 0
Warungu no 0
Yagua yes with directional verbs Payne and Payne 1990:413
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001