Productive VV compounding

Morphology - Compounding, auxiliaries, light verbs
Serial verb constructions involve chaining of roots together in one morphophonological word


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No indication that verb roots or stems can combine productively at any level. Allin, 1976: 97, 105-109, 124-150, 204-223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no info Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 139-142, 150-180 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521-524 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Possible to chain verbs, but they are separate words. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 93 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu not clear Mansen & Captain (2000) note that there is verb "compounding" but the examples they give do not have multiple roots, they are roots plus things like causatives, etc. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes There are two kinds of compounding Aikhenvald 2003: 446 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 4664-469 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no However, there is a process of stringing together verbs that each carry their own markings, which produces one thought. For example, ("it will have happened + I will want + I will go + I will accompany + father" = "then I will want to go with father") Payne 1981:13 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-47 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info more likely not Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:82 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p96-98 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988:340-341 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks No evidence of this; examples support an answer of "no."
Eñepa no no mention of verb serialization Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 138-9 Daniel Valle
Guna yes verb+positional and verb+directional Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quevedo 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no info some verb constructions can be the product of a verb and a noun (i.e. "emanate from the body" + "sweat (n)" = "to sweat" Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 1998:189-190 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes Last sentence on the page gives an example of serialization Buenaventura 1993:86 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle more likely no
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortensen 1999:59-60 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no most examples are gerund+verb, but other constructions are possible Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes But it is limited to verbs like "know", "have to" or "can" and any other verb to convey modality Zúñiga 2006, p. 135-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:80-86, 101-120 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:426 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 183 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes "It´s possible but it´s not clear if it´s productive" Dvalle Giron 2008: p220 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.19-27 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:33 example 2.19 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004:180 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Desano makes use of verb compounding to enrich and expand the meaning of a clause. Miller 1999, p. 88 Amanda Novak distinguished by stress
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.68 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 273 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-87 Chris Clack possible example @ top of p,90
Barasano yes Compound verbs are formed by a combination of two roots with the second one being inflected. Jones & Jones 1991, p.45 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.32 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:138-174 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes serialized verb compounds; certain verbs must be part of a serialized verb compound (pp. 95-96) Ramirez 1997: 95-96 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes occurs with a variety of verbs, typically those which express adverbial-type concepts Ramirez 1994: p.364 Kelsey Neely it's not clear how productive this is.
Ninam yes can involve a verb root preceeded by a qualitative verb Goodwin-Gomez, p.115 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes usually involves an intransitive verb Borgman 1990: p.208 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:429 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no not likely since language is isolating Vallejos 2010:155 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes 40, ms11.1 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri yes s38 done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 82-83 done-Dan 0
Yidiny check done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 169 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 133-5 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 49-50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara yes r30 done 1
Uradhi No 364 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 211 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 115 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 200-202 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No 54-55 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 341 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 97, 101 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 445-6 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna yes 14 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 221 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 82 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 140-141 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 59 0
Dyirbal No 317 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 88 done 0
Djinang No 127 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 69 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 38 done 0
Bularnu yes 64-5 Done-Austin 1
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala Yes 4 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana yes 204-5 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 48 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 48 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 85 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 109-111 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati no 91 done 0
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no? Done-Claire 0
Githabul No info Done-Amalia x
Gunya No 329 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen yes 113 Done- 1
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya yes 10.2.2 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 74 done 1
Arrernte Yes 216 1
Kokatha Yes 44 1
Karajarri No 107 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 237 1
Ritharrngu Yes 85 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no 87-93 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 48 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 30 0
Wajarri No 69 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes with directional verbs Payne and Payne 1990:413 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps