Palatalized stops

Category
Phonology - Segmental
Notes
Phonemic contrast

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 14 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976, p. 58 Ana Paula Brandao
Bare no palatalized affricate Aikhenvald, 1995: 5 Aimee Lawrence
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 400 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Sudo, 1976 p. 9 and Galindo, 1992, p. 55 Ana Paula Brandao
Yukuna no Shauer and Shauer, 1972, p.12 Ana Paula Brandão
Yavitero no Mosonyi (1987), p. 26 Ana Paula Brandão
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 32 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Alvarez, 1985: p. 35 Ana Paula Brandão
Tariana no Aikhenvald 2003: 26 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no palatalized stops are allophonic Facundes, 2000: 71 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1980:910 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:14 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes This is only restricted to the bilabial voiceless stop and the alveolar voiceless affricate Fast 1953:192 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:59 Daniel Valle
Baure no not contrasted but appears in stops /k, t/ Danielsen 2007: p55 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 221 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes However, there is only one palatalized stopp: the voiceless alveolar one. Brandão 2010:10 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:37 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes According to Thiesen, most stops (along with most consonants) become palatalized after the vowel [i]. Seifart - 2005:33-36; Thiesen - 1996:18-20 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 140-148 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes But this only occurs with the alveolar stop. Price 1984 Daniel Valle
Pemon no palatalization is not contrastive Pessoa 2005 Daniel Smith
Guna no Smith Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:10 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1982:34 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:30 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:20 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Aguirre 1999:16-7 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no Saint and Pike 1962:5-13 Daniel Valle But there is phonetic palatalized stops
Ingá no There are no palatalized consonants but there are palatal consonants. Hoever, Levinson 1976 considers the palatal lateral as an palatalized alveolar lateral Levinson 1978:1 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:72 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.73-92 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung 2000:140-3 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:11 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no there is a palatal stop though Montes 2000:291 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:30 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Loewen 1954:7 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979, p.27 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p22 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 68 to 72 Shannon Dardis There is no mention of palatalized stops in the Huayhua Pari, Deza Galindo, or Gomez. I think that the fact that Gomez (1992) omits them in his list of phonemes (starting on page15) indicates that they probably don't exist in Aymara.
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Texeira 1988:4 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.1-4 Christopher Clack not indicated/expected
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Barbosa 2005 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004:16-23 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 9-15 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 2-6 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no allophonic Waltz p. 29 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.26 Amanda Novak not indicated/expected
Koreguaje yes Gralow & Cook 1984 Amanda Novak
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.8-17 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.12 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:19 Daniel Valle
Tukano no West and Welch 2004 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Yanomami no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no allophonic palatalization does exist, some attributed to Makiritare Carib influence Migliazza 1972: p.214 Kelsey Neely palatalization of k before i, possible Makiritare feature.
Surui no Bontkes and Bontkes 2009:17 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:13 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:34 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:21 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:39, 57 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:93-103 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 2-3 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no n66 done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 41 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 10 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 2 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 10 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 6,7 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 59 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 26 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 4 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 6 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes 7 done 1
Uradhi yes 315-6 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 15; 23 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 187 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar yes d30-1 done 1
Nhanta yes 10 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 14 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 10 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 21 done 1
Martuthunira yes 25-50 done 1
Marrgany yes 283 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre yes 26 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 19 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 374 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 1 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 5b Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 23 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 36 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no xix done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun yes 74 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 15 0
Dyirbal No 270-1 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 18 done 0
Djinang No 1 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 17 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 10 done 1
Bularnu yes 3 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 9 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 10, 13 done-Jessica 1
Batyala No 3 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana yes 26, 44 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 17-20 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija yes 16 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung maybe 66 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no 58 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 16 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 4-5 done 0
Katthang no 17 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 131 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 9 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 11 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 2 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya yes 283 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 14 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes K81 104-5 done 1
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji yes 500 done 1
Bandjalang No 8 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 13 done 1
Arrernte yes 67 1
Kokatha yes 5 1
Karajarri No 5 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara yes Y 36 1
Ritharrngu yes 9 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay no 16 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes Done-Amalia 1
Warnman yes 10 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 13 1
Bilinarra yes 2.1 done 1
Wiradjuri yes 10, 11 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala yes 25 Y2 1
Narungga yes 31 done 1
Tharrkari yes 3 1
Wajarri yes 17 1
Warungu yes 1 1
Adnyamathanha yes Y2 1
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990: Daniel Smith only allophonic
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps