Number of noun classes/genders

Category
Nominal Categories - Gender and noun classification
Notes
Note the (approximate) total number of noun classes/genders

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla 0 Jane Hill
Cupeño 0 Jane Hill
Luiseño 0 Jane Hill
Serrano 0 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 0 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 2 Jane Hill
Timbisha 0 Jane Hill
Western Mono 0 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi 2 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute 2 Jane Hill
Southern Ute 2 Jane Hill
Shoshone 0 Jane Hill
Comanche 0 Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone 0 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute 0 Jane Hill
Gabrielino 0 Jane Hill
Achagua 3 Adjectives agree with nouns: masculine/feminine (neutralized in plural) Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 35 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro 0 Allin 1976: 150-176, 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare 2 Aikhenvald, 1995: 19 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena 2 Feminine and non-feminine Aikhenvald, 1998: 297 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco 2 There are three class markers that seem to appear with nouns, but two of them are "feminine." Adjectives agree in gender and only have masculine and feminine markers (no feminine examples are given to indicate whether adjective agreement is the same with Galindo, 2002: 130, 143 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna 3 Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 41 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero 3 Masculine, feminine, and plural (both genders). Mosonyi, 1987: p. 49 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana 36 Includes gender, use, place, shape… Santos, 2006:3 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu 3 Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 797 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana 2 feminine, non-feminine Aikhenvald 2003: 87 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã 2 Facundes, 2000: 150 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali 2 Masc./non-masc Mihas 2010:122 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:24 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:23-51 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Mitz Perez
Nanti 2 Michael, 2008. p. 294 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur 3 masc., fem., neutral Launey 2003:97 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun 2 non-masculine, masculine Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora 6 Thiesen notes 3 main classes: concrete, abstract, and locative (which includes animates and inanimates). Seifart - 2005: 77; Thiesen - 1996:27 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare 2 author refers to classes that only differ in the possessed form Hall 1988: 288 Daniel Smith
Makushi 3 Class A, B and C. Class A is 'animate related'. Class B refers to all domestic animals. Class C includes kinship and body part nouns. Carson 1982: 56-57 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no info Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika 6 long objects, flat objects, three-dimensional objects, liquids, containers, and objects with specialized holders Frank 1989:22 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar 6 Bertoglia 1983:5 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana 0 Daniel Valle
Sikuani 3 Classes: masc, fem, inanimate (respectively) Queixalós 1998:31 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:43-45 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna 4 These noun clasea are based on morphosyntactic criteria rather than on semantic criteria Overall 2007:137 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá 0 Mortensen 1999:15-6 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:240 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no Rojas:173-80, Jung:133-4 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:32-46 Daniel Valle
Tikuna 4 It seems that gender (feminine and masculine) and alienable and inalienable nouns are distinguished Montes 2004b:55-79, 121-152 Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke 7 1st class: almost entirely inanimates (places, fabricated things, generic class), 2nd class: almost entirely inanimates (long, stick-like objects are prevalent), 3rd class: divided into 4 subclasses, 0: all inanimates (round, hollow, or wet), 1: masculine Landaburu 1979: p.130-132 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara 5 Deza Galindo 1992: 78 Shannon Dardis The classes given in Deza Galindo are proper, common, concrete, abstract, and despective. I'm not completely convinced that these are the kinds of noun classes we're looking for, but the title of the section is Noun Classes.
Kakua 2 animate/inanimate Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto 2 The ending indicating masculinity is '-ma' and for feminine is '-ngo' Minor and Minor 1982. p.31-32 Christopher Clack
Hup 0 Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect 0 Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw 0 male/female Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano 7 Miller 1999, p.21 Amanda Novak
Cubeo 4 animante/inanimate; masc/fem Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 73 Amanda Novak The inanimate nouns may be further classified as primitive (underived), deverbal concrete, or deverbal abstract. Animate nouns may be subdivided into human and nonhuman nouns.
Kotiria 1 inanimate, masc., femine Stenzel 2004, p. 126 Amanda Novak
Makuna 2 Animate (4) and Inanimate Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.33-35 Chris Clack
Koreguaje 2 Cook & Criswell 1993, p.15 Chris Clack The animates are classified in humans and animals and inanimate, in which take a suffix to indicate the shape classifier or function of the object, and those who lack a classifier.
Barasano 8 They are divided into eight classes with the most basic division being animate vs. inanimate. Jones & Jones 1991, p.19 Chris Clack
Tanimuca 3 Nouns are categorized according to animacy, number, and gender. Strom 1992, p.10 Chris Clack
Siona 1 Animate/inanimate, spatial/temporal, masculine/feminine Wheeler - 1970:95-96,140 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes 3: masc. animate, fem. Animate, inanimate West and Welch 2004: various pages (37 in particular) Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no noun clasifiers, but not classes Ramirez 1994: p.123-124 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.119-120 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: p.144-147 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana 0 Everett 2006:296 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu 0 Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:121-41 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama 0 Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes 22, 25 done 1
Garrwa yes 4-5 done 1
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 46-47 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 4 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 14 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no done-Amalia 0
Warumungu no done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes 1 done 1
Uradhi N/A 334 Y 0
Paakantyi N/A Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 192 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang N/A done-Amalia 0
Muruwari n/a Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 34 done 0
Martuthunira no 63-99 done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre N/A 149 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji n/a Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara N/A 446 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu yes 29 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr N/A Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 254 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay N/A 30 0
Dyirbal yes 44 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 25 done 1
Djinang Yes 27 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 34; 38; 60 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal n/a 46 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung n/a done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Ngarinyin
Yulparija no Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 75 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati n/a done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 136 done 1
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama n/a done-Dan 0
Yingkarta N/A Done-Claire 0
Githabul yes 8 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya no Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 78 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes FO 122 done 1
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang yes 43 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 35 done 1
Arrernte No 86 0
Kokatha Yes 52 1
Karajarri N/A 71 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 11 1
Ritharrngu Yes 34 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay N/A 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 881 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman N/A 14 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes 32-3 1
Bilinarra no 1.1000000000000000888 done 0
Wiradjuri no done 0
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 51 Y2 1
Narungga N/A 54 done 0
Tharrkari no info 15 0
Wajarri Yes 38 1
Warungu yes 165 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua 2 animate/inanimate Payne and Payne 1990: Daniel Smith
Baniwa 2 Aikhenvald 2001 Baniwa classifiers Patience Epps