Phonemic vowel length

Category
Phonology - Segmental
Notes
Does the language have long and short vowels?

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 16 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976, p. 53-58 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 5 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 401 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Sudo, 1976 p. 9 and Galindo, 1992, p. 55 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer and Shauer, 1972, p.12 Ana Paula Brandão
Yavitero no Mosonyi (1987), p. 26 Ana Paula Brandão
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006:34 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Alvarez, 1985: p. 40 Ana Paula Brandão
Tariana yes Aikhencald 2003: 32 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 55 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Mihas 2010:45 Daniel Smith
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:15 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Fast 1953:191 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:65 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p33 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 221 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:11 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:28 Daniel Smith
Yine yes Matteson 1965:25 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:32-33 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988:215; 255 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 143 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no info Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes Pessoa 2005:58 Daniel Smith Tuarepang dialect
Guna no Smith Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:11 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1982:34-5 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:23-30 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes not apparent when using diphthongs or triphthongs de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985: 9-10 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:42 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Aguirre 1999:16-7 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani yes Saint and Pike 1962:15 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1976:23 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:93 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.73-92 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:37 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:11 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2000:291 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:55-8 Daniel Valle
Waunana no However, Binder et all (1995:172) suggest that length is constrastive. This is also suggested by Sanchez and Castro (1977:33) Loewen 1954:7 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979, p.38 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p23 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Vowel length seems to affect the interpretation of verbs quite a bit (Deza Galindo 1992: 56). Gomez 1992: 23 Shannon Dardis Gomez (1992: 23) indicates that lengthened vowels, despite being rare, are indeed phonemes.
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Texeira 1988:26 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes e.g. rɨngo 'woman' - rɨɨngo 'big frog' minimal pair Minor and Minor 1982. p. 2 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Barbosa 2005:49-50 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes corresponds to tone Martins 2004:55 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no not indicated/expected Miller 1999, p. 9-15 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.2-3 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Waltz p. 34 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993,p. 23,28-29 Amanda Novak; Chris Clack some opinions that vowel length is phonemic. Elongated vowels only occur in final break in the data collected and seem to focus, rest or hesitation.
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.1-6 Amanda Novak; Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.8-17 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes I checked Gaviria and found NO evidence (although it is not as clear a source; p.75-85 in Gav.) Strom; 1992; p.12 Chris Clack
Siona no Siona template form Daniel Daniel Valle
Tukano no West and Welch 2004 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Yanomami no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Migliazza 1972: p. 38-39 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Bontkes and Bontkes 2009:18 Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:15 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:34 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:15-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:32 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:106-110 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 2 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes n65 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 43 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 10 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 19-20 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 1 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung maybe 62 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 36 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 13 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 6 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no 6 done 0
Uradhi Yes 318 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 32-33 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 188 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 35-36 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no d32 done 0
Nhanta yes 17 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 14 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 30 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 23 done 0
Martuthunira yes 28 done 1
Marrgany yes 283 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 377 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No 2 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru yes 23 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 37 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no Done-Amalia 0
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes Xix, 248 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no 67 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 2 1
Dyirbal No 271 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu yes 19 done 1
Djinang No 3 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 21-22; 24 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 24-28 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung maybe 12-13 done 1
Bularnu yes 5 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 10 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no 20 done-Jessica 0
Batyala Yes 2 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana no? 48, 51 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 25-7 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 17 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung no 67 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 64 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 20 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 6 done 1
Katthang yes 19 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 132-133 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 9 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 16 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 2 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 283 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No 14 Done- 0
WesternTorres no K81 105, 109 done 0
Wakaya no ch 2 done 0
Yindjilindji yes 501 done 1
Bandjalang yes 16 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 9 done 1
Arrernte No 61 0
Kokatha Yes 5 1
Karajarri No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 36 1
Ritharrngu Yes 9 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 16 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 829 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 10 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes xxv, 19 1
Bilinarra no? 2.1.3 done 0
Wiradjuri yes 9 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala No 39 Y2 0
Narungga No info 28 done x
Tharrkari Yes 3 1
Wajarri No 26 0
Warungu yes 1 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:432 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001:30 Patience Epps