Classifiers used as derivational suffixes to derive nouns

Nominal Categories - Gender and noun classification
Verb + classifier = 'thing for doing V, thing that does V, etc.'


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 62 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no From the examples, it looks as though verbs must first take a nominalizing suffix before the classifier can be added. Allin, 1976: 153-163 Aimee Lawrence
Bare n/a Aikhenvald, 1995: 21 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes The one classifier on nouns is identified as having a derivational function, although only one example is given. Galindo, 2002: 100 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no info Shauer & Shauer, 2000; Shauer & Shauer, 1978 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Not listed under derivational processes. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 46-48 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006:125 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu n/a Mansen & Captain, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald 2003: 172 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no Deverbal nouns derived using other suffixes. Facundes, 2000: 214-215 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Something similar is achieved by using certain suffixes (which are not classifiers) or by a special noun-verb compounding (which is not intransitivizing). Zamponi 2003:27-30 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Classifiers are used as nouns in NN compounding Duff-Tripp 1997:38, 253-66 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no There is a suffix which can nominalize a verb however it isn't a classifier, it isn't used with every verb, and "cannot be considered to be very productive". Danielsen 2007: p191 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Classifiers can be used with verbs, but they classify the notional subject of an intransitive or the notional object of a transitive. Michael, 2008. p. 332 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes In addition to V+classifier, suffixes can be used on nouns derive new nouns. Since there are 72 classifiers, new nouns can easily be formed. Seifart - 2005:58-59, 201-222 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Escoriaza 1959 Amanda Meeks
Makushi yes nominalizers: '-toʔ' (gerundive), '-kói', plural '-kon' (perfermer of the verb), '-eŋ' (actor/one who), 'n-eŋ' (agentive), 'tɨ-…-s-eŋ' (patient, reflexive patient) Carson 1982: 61-4 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1989:39-59 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 2000:175 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes animate and inanimate classifiers suffixed to verb derive nouns Buenaventura - 1993:50 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:208-14 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:15-6 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:27, 32-46 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Classifiers are nouns which can be joined with other to derive other nouns. It is not clear if this happens with verbs and classifiers. Montes 2004b:55-79, 121-152 Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:72-76 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p183, 245 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 236 Shannon Dardis Aymara does have derivational suffixes that make verbs nouns, but I'm pretty sure those aren't classifiers.
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.98-99 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no unclear Martins 2004:129 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes There are several derivational suffixes in Desano that are used to derive verbs from nouns. The most productive is -kɨ that makes a possessive verb out of a noun. Miller 1999, p. 110, 36 Amanda Novak Nouns are simple nouns or forms derived from verbs by the addition of the deverbilizers -ri and -ro to form inanimate nouns, and the nominalizing suffixes -gi (masc sing), -go (fem sing), and -rã (animate plural) to form animate nouns.
Cubeo yes Deverbal animate nouns may be formed with the animate nonfuture active nominalizers or with the passive nominalizers . Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 88-90 Amanda Novak The animate noun põ˜e- 'person' plus a gender/number suffix may also be suffixed to a verb, forming an agentive deverbal noun meaning 'one who does X'.
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2007:130 Daniel Smith
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35 Chris Clack verb + gender-number classifier = noun
Koreguaje yes Some illustrative nouns derived from verbal radicals. Cook & Criswell 1993, p.18, 27 Chris Clack A verb or noun clause can be a suffix added to the verb.
Barasano yes Verbs may also have derivational suffixes which form nouns or adverbs. Jones & Jones 1991, p.5 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes The affix -ri occurs after a verb root and has the function of deverbalization Strom 1992, p.41-42 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:101-110 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes especially with classifier suffix -sehé Ramirez 1997: 282 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no info Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.120 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:121-41 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes? ms4.1.2 done 1
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta n/a done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung n/a done-Amalia 0
Wirangu N/A done 0
Wemba-Wemba n/a done-Amalia 0
Warumungu N/A done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi N/A 334 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta N/A 192 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi N/A done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 208 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji n/a Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 445 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna N/A done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr N/A Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr n/a done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay N/A 30 0
Dyirbal No 81-85 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu n/a 25 done 0
Djinang N/A 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung n/a done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana n/a Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Yulparija N/A Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung n/a done 0
Mathi-Mathi n/a done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati n/a done 0
Katthang n/a done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri N/A 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama n/a done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 26 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 111 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 36 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara N/A 35 done 0
Arrernte No 87 0
Kokatha N/A 52 0
Karajarri N/A 71 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara N/A 0
Ritharrngu N/A 34 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay N/A 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman N/A 14 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra n/a 1.1000000000000000888 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 51 Y2 0
Narungga N/A 54 done 0
Tharrkari N/A 15 0
Wajarri No 38 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha no Y2 0
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Aikhenvald 2001 Baniwa classifiers Patience Epps