Singular number may be marked on the noun

Nominal Categories - Number
Often occurs in a small subset of nouns if a single entity is referred to, e.g. insects that normally occur in groups


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes There is a singular marker on inalienable nouns (animates). Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 63 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Some nouns are basically plural and can only carry number suffixes if they are first "singularized" by using a classifier. Allin, 1976: 151 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 18 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 103 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 519 Ana Paula Brandao
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 36 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 143 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 796-800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no The overview of noun structure does not include a singular number marker. Classifiers can be used for singular reference of a non-singular noun (such as "paper"). Aikhenvald, 2003: 83, 164 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no No discussion of singular marker among number markers. Facundes, 2000: 260-263 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Only plurality is marked on the noun. Reference to singular nouns is marked on the verb, otherwise. Payne 1981:2527 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Singular number is unmarked. Zamponi 2003:25 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:26-8 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p127 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Two plural suffixes, no singular suffix described. Michael, 2008. p. 297 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Only plurality is marked on the noun. Reference to singular nouns is marked on the verb, otherwise. Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:235; Thiesen - 1996:43 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 306 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982:73-77 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no no singular marker Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 49 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1989:39-59 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:54 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info more likely not Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Occur with all types of nouns. de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:161-167 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info ke- could be a quantifier instead of a singular marker Buenaventura - 1993:52 Daniel Smith from "ken," meaning "one"
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:124, 195-7 Daniel Valle more likely no
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no not noted in the data Levinson 1974:26 Daniel Valle
Matses no info However, it seems that singular number is not marked morphologically (Fleck:231-321) Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no unmarked for for singulars Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-9 Daniel Valle
Páez yes The plural number is only marked in dative nouns. What is more, number in nouns is marked with a portmanteau morpheme which also marks case. Jung:131 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:60 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:157 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Sánchez and Castro 1977:117-8 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes singular only marked on agent (-m) [plural marker for agent (-t)] Giron 2008: p191 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 239, 240, 248, 249 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.33 Christopher Clack Generally, the singular is the simplest form of the noun.
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Collective animate nouns require the singularizing suffix -bɨ̃́˜ to refer to a single member. Some inherently plural inanimate nouns take the same singularizing suffix as the classifier for that category. Miller 1999, p. 23, 53 Amanda Novak some inherently plural animate nouns have singularizing suffixes
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.73-80 Chris Clack
Kotiria yes animate, non-human, collective nouns are marked by suffix -kiro and inanimate mass nouns are marked by a partitive suffix Stenzel 2004, p. 128 & 139 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.34 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.17-18 Chris Clack generic (given to a classifier when referring to specific individuals or pluralities)
Barasano yes Nouns which refer to collections are inherently plural and require a singularizing suffix to refer to a single member. Jones & Jones 1991, p.20 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.46-47 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler 1987 Daniel Smith
Tukano yes can be used with any animal that typically lives in groups. Plural number can also be marked on these nouns. Mass nouns can take partitive suffix -ro. West and Welch 2004: 78; Ramirez 1997: 206, 210 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no info Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely no evidence of this
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:164 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:65 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:160 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no ms9.1 done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 59-60 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 51 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 32-3 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 42-3 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 26 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 27 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes r2, r28 done 1
Uradhi No 353 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 81-82 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 58 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 99-101 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No 6 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 49 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 39 done 0
Martuthunira no info done x
Marrgany No 312 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 213 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 55 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 421 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 80 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 233, 234 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 55 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 277 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 43 0
Dyirbal No 241 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 40-42 done 0
Djinang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no 47 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 17-18 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 64-5 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 85 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 19 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 74 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 18-19 done 0
Katthang no 42 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No 11 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 11 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 312 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no info FO 136 done x
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 39 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 29 done 0
Arrernte No 89 0
Kokatha No 54 0
Karajarri No 144 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 93 0
Ritharrngu No 29 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 881 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 25 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 47 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 48 Y2 0
Narungga No 66 done 0
Tharrkari No 23 0
Wajarri No 68 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:446 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps