Plural word/clitic

Nominal Categories - Number


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 23 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin 1976: 164 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 18 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 103 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer 1978: 43 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 36 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 143 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 164 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 260-262 Aimee lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:12; Payne 1981:12 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:25 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:26 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:47 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p127 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 297 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:15 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and Green 1972:54-55 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005: 56 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 306 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982:73-77 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:68, 131-134 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 49, 50 Shannon Dardis This postposition is only used for animates. Though Pemon does not usually use plurals, dama is the most common morpheme for showing plurality.
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:29 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:54 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no But Quesada (2208:70) considers /tre/ as an independet word Quesada 2008:70 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:167-173 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:124, 195-7 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortensen 1999:15-6 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no -cuna Levinson 1978:6 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:272-3 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:131-3 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26, 39 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:60 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:157 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Loewen 1954:78-79 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p191 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Deza Galindo 1992: 77, 78 Shannon Dardis Quantitative adjectives and numerals can, however, be placed before nouns.
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.33-35 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no For nouns that are spherical in shape and that take the classifier -ru, 'dipa' is inserted between the noun and the classifier to form the plural. Miller 1999, p. 52 Amanda Novak Ex. goru 'ball', godiparu 'balls'
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 77 Amanda Novak The plural of dõbɨ'õ 'women' is used as a suffix (-Rõbɨ-wA) when referring to a totally female group.
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 128 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.34 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Gender and number of human nouns are plural is indicated by separate words. Cook & Criswell 1993, p.15 Chris Clack
Barasano yes In cases where quantifiers modify nouns; hãrã 'many' precedes animates and hairo 'many' precedes inanimates. Jones & Jones 1991, p.58-59 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.46-47 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:95; Wheeler - 1987:110 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 78; Ramirez 1997: 93 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes various clitics for sg, dual, pl; other clitics can intervene between the noun and the number marking Ramirez 1994: 195 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.79-80 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Appears to pattern like Yanomami; clitic can be separated from noun by other elements Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes examples indicate that plural can mark inanimates (itá ita - rocks) Cruz 2011:377 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:65 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes male speech, female speech Vallejos 2010:160 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 59-60 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 52 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 114 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung maybe done-Amalia 1
Wirangu No 42-3 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 26-7 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 27 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes r21 done 1
Uradhi No 353 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 102-105 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No 6 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 49 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 39 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 312 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 85 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no 55 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 421 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 55 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 280-1 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 43 0
Dyirbal No 241 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 40-42 done 0
Djinang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung yes 17-18 done 1
Bularnu yes 21 Done-Austin 1
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 65 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 85 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 19 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi yes 73 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 64 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 41 done 1
Katthang no 42, 48 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 149-150 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 11 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 51 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no? Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 11 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 312 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 507 done 0
Bandjalang No 39 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 29 done 1
Arrernte Yes 89 1
Kokatha Yes 54 1
Karajarri No 144 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 12 1
Ritharrngu No 29 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 881 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman No 25 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes 47 1
Bilinarra yes 1.1000000000000000888 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 48 Y2 0
Narungga No info 66 done x
Tharrkari No 23 0
Wajarri No 68 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:446 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps