Gender in 3pl pronouns

Category
Nominal Categories - Pronominal categories
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 23 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 177 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 22 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 322 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Pronouns can optionally take gender markers, but they are not required. Galindo, 2002: 184 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 41, 48 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Only realized as masculine (default). Santos, 2006: 185 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 796 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Plural pronouns can optionally distinguish genders. Aikhenvald, 2003: 177 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 345-346 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:34; Payne 1983:9192 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:21 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:61 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p116 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 348 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan 1978:xiii Daniel Valle
Palikur yes masc., fem., neutral Launey 2003:65 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965:106 Daniel Smith
Añun no masc./non masc gender suffixes can be added to PN Patte 1989:55 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005: 52-55 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 282 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 99 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Tosantos 1977:19-20 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 12 Shannon Dardis These are also demonstratives
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:34 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Celedón 1886:13 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:56 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:4, Quesada 2008:69 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Masculine and feminine, as well as neuter. de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:15; Queixalós - 2000:8-9 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:154 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:42-3 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Peeke 1973:40 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974:26 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:241 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:136 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Perroud 1972:37 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:88-89 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:213 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:90; Loewen 1954:83-84 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p186 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 202 to 204 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang yes Goncalves 2011:12 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.10 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 80 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 161 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.32 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.31 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.34 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:141 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 19-20 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 209-210 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.50-51 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: p.150 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:300-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:146 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no different sets of pronouns for male vs. female speech Vallejos 2010:201 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no ms7.2 done 0
Garrwa no fpro1 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no BS151 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 73 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 72 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 12 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 53 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 16 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 70 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 80-83 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 37-8 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 28-29 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no r4-6 done 0
Uradhi No 354 Y 0
Paakantyi no 109 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 194 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no 103-120; 130-120 done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no d51 done 0
Nhanta no 77 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 124 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 4 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 90 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 53-54 done 0
Martuthunira no 100-108 done 0
Marrgany No 303 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 87 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 74 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 397 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 7-8 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 39b Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 64-5 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 66 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 283 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 47 0
Dyirbal N/A 51-2 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 51 done 0
Djinang No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 61 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no 49-52 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 29 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 83 done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 204 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 110-113 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 92 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 29 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 75 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 90 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 41 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 23 done 0
Katthang no 64 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 136-137 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 23 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 73-94 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul yes 15 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No 304 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 87 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes FO 121 done 1
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 515 done 0
Bandjalang No 78 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 52 done 0
Arrernte No 101 0
Kokatha No 48 0
Karajarri No 236 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 18 0
Ritharrngu No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 41 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 907 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 52 0
Bilinarra no 1.1000000000000000888 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 62 Y2 0
Narungga No 58 done 0
Tharrkari No 16 0
Wajarri No 71 0
Warungu no 174-5 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps