Adpositions mark core NPs

Nominal Categories - Case and adpositions
Prepositions or postpositions mark subjects, objects, beneficiaries/recipients


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes The dative case marks beneficiary or recipient Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 72 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro no Dative NPs have a case marker, but it is bound morphology. Allin, 1976: 238 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes The dative is marked Aikhenvald, 1995: 14 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco yes Dative case marking destinations. Galindo, 2002: 209-210 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Recipients (referente 2) receive case marking? Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 38 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 54 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Object, beneficiary/recipient Santos, 2006: 215 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Indirect object is marked, subject and object are not. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Bound morphology is used. Aikhenvald, 2003: 139 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes The goal marker -monhi marks goal role in ditransitives. Facundes, 200: 285-286 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no no adpositions on core cases Mihas 2010, Payne 1981, Payne 1983 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:34 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no "Baure, a language that does not have adpositions..." Danielsen 2007: p429 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Core arguments marked on verb or with free pronouns/nouns. Michael, 2008. p. 340-343 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no It seems that only recipients are marked with a postposition Rowan and Burgess 1979:31 Daniel Valle
Palikur no no markers for core case Launey 2003:67 Daniel Smith
Yine no only recipients Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no core cases not marked Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Affixes (on NPs and VPs) used to mark. Seifart - 2005:68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no S and O are highlighted by word order- not morphemic Hall 1988: 65-68 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes location, time, manner, instrument, comparison, comitative, benefactive and source (p. 111) Abbott 1991: 110-112 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 54 Shannon Dardis
Guna no prepositions that are grammaticalizing into case markers Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1985:46 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes There is a postposition which marks dative case. This postposition can be suffixed to certain nouns. Quesada 2008:82 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 1998 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:52 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:47-57 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes There are postpositions Orr et all. 1991:22; Peeke 1991:22 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Parks 1990:76 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:280-1 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 194-7 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:114-28 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26-7 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:51-53 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:224-44 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Case is marked by suffixes Mejía 2000:88-89 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 158-165 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p194-208 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Deza Galindo 1992: 136, 137 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.37-39 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes postpositions mark several cases: for example dative, ablative… etc Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 35 Chris Clack
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 134 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.51-52 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Barasano uses only postpositions in adpositional phrases. Jones & Jones 1991, p.3 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes The case markers are postposition clitics on the last word in the noun phrase. Strom 1992, p.59 Chris Clack Case markers indicate the relationship of a noun phrase to the verb of a clause (also marks the relationship between two noun phrases in the same clause in the case of accompaniment.)
Siona yes agent, DO Wheeler - 1987:124, 127 Daniel Smith
Tukano no Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely evidence from examples throughout text
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 195-198 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes benefactive Goodwin-Gomez, p.78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990, p. 154 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):2 Daniel Smith
Karitiana no Everett 2006:264-5 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:412-420 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes postposition Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:517-521 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no ms1.7 done 0
Garrwa no 4 done 0
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 54 done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 14-17 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 70, 76-77 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 27 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 18 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 4, 22 done 0
Uradhi No 335 Y 0
Paakantyi yes Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 193 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 47-58 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 4 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 53 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 51 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 27 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 254 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 38 0
Dyirbal No 42 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 25 done 0
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 12-13 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 36 done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 5 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 61 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 20 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 75 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 11 done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 23 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 29 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 52 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 48 done 0
Arrernte No 126 0
Kokatha No 52 0
Karajarri No 113 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 16 0
Ritharrngu No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 881 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 14 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no 4.0999999999999996447 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 51 Y2 0
Narungga No 64 done 0
Tharrkari No 24-5 0
Wajarri No 39 0
Warungu no 164 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:348 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps