Case: only non-core arguments morphologically marked

Nominal Categories - Case and adpositions
Subjects, objects, beneficiaries/recipients NOT marked, but other grammatical relations are


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 71 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no The dative case marker marks the recipient in a ditransitive. Allin, 1976: 238 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 15 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Dative marking on recipients. Galindo, 2002: 209 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 38 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero n/a All grammatical relations indicated with prepositions. Mosonyi, 1987: 54 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Other grammatical relations (dative, instrumental, etc.) can get case markings, but they are not the primary--and certainly not the only--set. Santos 2006:216 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 139-140 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Beneficiaries/recipients are marked as goals. Facundes, 2000: 389 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes limited, see above Payne 1981:110111 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:34 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p116, Figure 4.2 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes There is a locative case marker, but other semantically oblique arguments use an “applicative” marker on the verb. Michael, 2008. p. 340-355 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Launey 2003:149 Daniel Smith
Yine yes recipient marked with an "indirective" Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no non-core cases not morphological Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005: 68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 296-297 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982: 78-79 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Subjects, objects and genitives do not get case. Payne provides a list of postpositions, some of which are marked on the noun Payne 2012:291-292 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 54 Shannon Dardis Only the subject of a transivite verb seems to ever be obligatorily marked.
Guna yes subject and object not marked. Other arguments are Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no postpositions, not case markers Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:46 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Dative is marked morphologically in contrast to nominative and accusative cases which are not. Other non-core cases are morphologicalli marked. Bourland 1976:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:82, 155-6 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes e.g. benefactive, causal, associative, locative Queixalós 2000:78 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes core arguments not marked, at least locative is marked Buenaventura - 1993:52 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:47-57 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Parks 1990:76 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:280-1 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 194-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:114-28 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26-7 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:51-53 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:224-44 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:88-89 Daniel Valle
Andoke no subject, others marked Landaburu 1979: 158-165 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no "agent in transitive (ERG) [is marked]" Giron 2008: p195 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 253 Shannon Dardis Subjects are marked by the suffix jha (xa in Huayhua Pari), which Deza Galindo says acts as a definite article.
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.36-41 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no displaced subject of transitive verb marked with DAT (Weir 1984:275-6) Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 57 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no objects marked by suffix Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak The suffix -RE is used to mark both direct and indirect objects, as well as certain locative and temporal nouns.
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 171 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.31-32 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.47-51 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.65 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.37 Chris Clack
Siona no Both core and non-core can be marked, depending on the case. Wheeler - 1987:124-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 204 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Only the absolutive is not marked Ramirez 1994: 195-198, 179-180 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no ergative is marked Goodwin-Gomez, p.76-78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Only the absolutive isn't marked Borgman 1990, p. 119-126 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Van der Meer (?):2 Daniel Smith no info on oblique cases
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:304-8 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no beneficiaries/recepients marked by posposition Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith two types of dative markers: one for interlocutors and another for intralocutors
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:518 Daniel Smith two types of dative markers: one for interlocutors and another for intralocutors
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes? 44, ms1.7 done 1
Garrwa no 4 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no s(examples throughout) done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 54-60 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 13 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 75-105 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 14 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 67 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 28 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 18 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 4, 22 done 0
Uradhi No 335 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 193 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no 45 done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 81 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 6 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 53 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 51 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 27 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 55 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 254, 264-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 98 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 38 0
Dyirbal No 42 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 25 done 0
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 16 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no 14 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 5 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 60-88 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 69-70 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 20 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 75 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 11 done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 23-62 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 29 Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 122 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 504 done 0
Bandjalang No 52 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 48 done 0
Arrernte No 126 0
Kokatha No 52 0
Karajarri No 113 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 16 0
Ritharrngu No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 881 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 14 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 32-4 0
Bilinarra no 4.1, 5.1.1, 5.2.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 51 Y2 0
Narungga No 64 done 0
Tharrkari No 24-5 0
Wajarri No 39 0
Warungu no 164 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no beneficiaries/recipients marked with the dative Payne and Payne 1990:379 Daniel Smith two types of dative markers: one for interlocutors and another for intralocutors
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps