Case: suffix or postpositional clitic

Category
Nominal Categories - Case and adpositions
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 71 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes All 21 case markers follow the NP Allin, 1976: 238-279 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 15 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 287 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 114 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Postpositions Shauer & Shauer, p. 37-38 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 52-53 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Usually suffixes. Santos, 2006: 215 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain (2000) note that case is usually marked with a suffix, but, on rare occasions, most of the case markers can be free words as well. They can be cliticized to either a personal prefix or the noun. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 139-140 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 385 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:110111 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:34 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes POSS, NOM, LOC, DIST, ABS Danielsen 2007: p116, Figure 4.2 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 354-355 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes based on examples Rowan and Burgess 1979:32 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no no case markers Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Case marked by independent postpositions Hall 1988: 287-300 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Carson 1982: 78 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Thomas Payne 1989; Payne 2012: Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 54 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes postpositional clitics for obliques Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes postposition Frank 1985:46 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bourland 19865:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:82, 155-6 Daniel Valle
Damana yes suffix Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes oblique cases marked as suffixes Queixalós 2000:78 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:10-1 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:6-7, Parks 1990:76 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:280-1 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 194-7 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:114-28 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:26-7 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1993:92-93 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:224-44 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Mejía 2000:88-89 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 155-169 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes N-case; up to two can be combined and affixed to a stem Giron 2008: p194 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 253 to 264 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang yes Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.36 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes dative postposition, variant is verbal prefix Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 57 Amanda Novak; notes by Chris Clack The case markers in Desano are the specific object marker -re, the locative marker -ge, and -bẽrã 'with, accompaniment, intrument'/ Both -ge and -bẽrã may be followed by -re.
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak Cubeo has five case marking suffixes that can be attached to pronouns and nouns. (the subject case is unmarked.)
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 171 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.47 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.65 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no The case markers are postposition clitics on the last word in the noun phrase. Strom 1992, p.59 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:124-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: various pages/examples Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 195-198, 179-180 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.76-78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990, p. 119-126 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Van der Meer (?):2 Daniel Smith no info on oblique cases
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:304-8 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011: Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes postpostional clitic Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes marked by postposition Vallejos 2010:279-304 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes 44-6 done 1
Garrwa yes 4-6 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 79 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 13 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 75-105 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 14-17 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 67 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 47 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 28 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 18 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes 4, 22 done 1
Uradhi Yes 335 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 54-55 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 193 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 45 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar yes d46-7 done 1
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 82-84 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 3 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 53 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 34 done 1
Martuthunira yes 63 done 1
Marrgany yes 302 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 148 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 389 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 5 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 27 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 55 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 47 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 254, 264-5 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 98 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 38 1
Dyirbal yes 42 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 25 done 1
Djinang Yes 27 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 46 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 16 done 1
Bularnu yes 33 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 14 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes done-Jessica 1
Batyala Yes 5 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana yes 61 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 69 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 20 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 71 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 75 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 26 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 11 done 1
Katthang yes 30 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 136-137 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 18 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 23 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 9 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 302 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 29 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes examples throughout done 1
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji yes 504 done 1
Bandjalang yes 53 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 48 done 1
Arrernte Yes 126 1
Kokatha Yes 52 1
Karajarri Yes 113 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 16 1
Ritharrngu Yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 28 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 881 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 14 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 34-5 1
Bilinarra yes 4.0999999999999996447 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 51 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 64 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 24-5 1
Wajarri Yes 39 1
Warungu yes 164, 174 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:378 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps