Case: tone

Category
Nominal Categories - Case and adpositions
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 71 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 238-279 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 15 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 287 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 114 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, p. 37-38 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 52-53 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 215 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 139-140 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 385 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981:110111 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:30-36 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:29, 35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p116, Figure 4.2 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 354-355 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Case marked by independent postpositions Hall 1988: 287-300 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982: 78-86 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012:291-302 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 54 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:46 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 19865:85 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:82, 155-6 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000:78 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:47-57 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Parks 1990:76 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:280-1 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 194-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:114-28 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26-7 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Faco Soares 1993:92-93; Montes 2004b:55-79, 121-150 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:224-44 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:88-89 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 155-169 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p194-208 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 253 to 264 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no no tones Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.36-40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 57 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 171 Amanda Novak
Makuna no info Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.47 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.65 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.59-67 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:124-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: various pages/examples Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 195-198, 179-180 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.76-78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990, p. 119-126 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):2 Daniel Smith no info on oblique cases
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-8 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:279-304 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 44-6 done 0
Garrwa no 4-6 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh no Y? 0
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront no Done-Dan 0
Yindjibarndi no 54,1 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 75-105 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu no not yet 0
Yalarnnga no 14-17 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 67 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu no 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 28 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 18 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 4, 22 done 0
Uradhi No 335 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 193 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no done 0
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 82-84 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 6 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 53 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi no 0
Mayi-Yapi no 34 done 0
Martuthunira no 63-99, 25-50 done 0
Marrgany No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 27 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 55 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu no 0
Gumbaynggirr no 254, 264-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 98 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 38 0
Dyirbal no 42 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 25 done 0
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay no done 0
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk no 0
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 16 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no 14 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 5 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 61 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 69 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Ngarinyin no 0
Yulparija No 20 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 75 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 11 done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 130-135 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 11, 23-62 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 29 Done- 0
WesternTorres no examples throughout; no contrastive tone done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 53 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 48 done 0
Arrernte No 126 0
Kokatha No 52 0
Karajarri No 113 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 16 0
Ritharrngu No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 881 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 14 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 34-5 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 51 Y2 0
Narungga No 64 done 0
Tharrkari No 24-5 0
Wajarri No 39 0
Warungu no 164, 174 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:378 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps