Base-5

Category
Nominal Categories - Numerals
Notes
At least some part of the system involves base-5

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes The word for "five" is basic, but 6-9 ais along the lines of "from the other hand, one/two etc." Allin, 1976: 237 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 21 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 312 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Numbers above four are expressed via something along the lines of "one of our hands." Galindo, 2002: 190-191 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 49-50 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes "whole hand" Santos, 2006: 197-201 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Captain, 2005 (numerals database) Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Numerals from five to ten are based on the word for hand, plus the relevant number of "fingers." Aikhenvald, 2003: 218 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 359 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003:31-32, 46 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:158 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 311-312 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and green 1972:66 Daniel Valle
Yine no Wise 1986:593 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:130-131 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes 5 = one hand, 10 = both hands Hall 1988: 303; Escoriaza 1959:13 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks
Makushi no Carson 1982: 70 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:145-149 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes "A hand" is used for 5 and a "hand with a finger is 6 de Armellada 1999: 66, 67 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:27 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bertoglia 1983:4-5 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:91 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 1988 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:163 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Aguirre 1999:83 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974:40 Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 189 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:133 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:35 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:277-8 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:97-98 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes up to 20 Landaburu 1979: 137 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 212 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Goncalves 2011:294 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Desano speakers use a quintenary system. Miller 1999, p. 46 Amanda Novak Most Desanos now use the Spanish numbering system after the number 'four'
Cubeo yes Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 190 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes base-5 until 20 (then x20) Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.39 Chris Clack hɨa- 'two' and hɨa-ria 'two-plural'
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.43 Chris Clack
Barasano yes The Barasana count by fingers and toes, and eventually by people. Jones & Jones 1991, p.36 Chris Clack koho-bõ-kõ-ro(one-hand-count-NOM)
Tanimuca yes The number system is base five until the number twenty. Strom 1992, p.50 Chris Clack
Siona yes 10 and under is a finger-counting system that is base-5. Wheeler - 1970:79; Wheeler - 1987:119 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 64 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Mattei-Muller 2007 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Migliazza 1972, IDS list Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Migliazza 1972 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:315-7 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:262 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:103-4 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:264 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no ms9.1 done 0
Garrwa no 12 done 0
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no LG158-9 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 82 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no Breen dictionary Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no 96 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu yes 70 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H Dictionary 23 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 27 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 424 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 238 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no d50 done 0
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no 73 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes? 83-4 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 198 done 0
Martuthunira no 190 done 0
Marrgany No 371 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 85 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 65 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 477 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 20 wordlist done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 192 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 52 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 176 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no 38, 65 Done-Amalia 0
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 277 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 155 0
Dyirbal No 240 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 40 done 0
Djinang no info Done-Amalia x
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 130 done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 209 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 103-4 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 159 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 65 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 73 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 151 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 40 done 0
Katthang no 72 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No 22 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 371 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 200 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara No 151 done 0
Arrernte No 81 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 304 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 92 0
Ritharrngu No 246 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 131 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no 176 0
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no 26 done 0
Aghu-Tharnggala No 159 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 18 0
Wajarri No info 36 x
Warungu no 159 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps