Word-final coda required

Category
Phonology - Segmental
Notes
Do all syllables end in a consonant?

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 14 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976, p. 77 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 6 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 402 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Sudo, 1976 p. 9 and Galindo, 1992, p. 62 Ana Paula Brandao
Yukuna no Shauer and Shauer, 1972, p. 4 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi (1987) Ana Paula Brandão
Wapishana no Santos, 2006:69 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen (1967) gives examples of coda-less words. Mansen, Richard A. 1967 "Guajiro Phonemes" In Viola G. Waterhouse (ed.) Phonemic Systems of Colombian languages. Norman, OK: SIL International and UT Arlington Publications in Linguistics 14: p. 49 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no CVh codas can be considered the result of Tucano influence Aikhenvald 2003: 34 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 87 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1980:710 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:18 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Fast 1953:191-4 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:68 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p61 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 221 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:11 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989:25 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:34-46 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 214-259 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 140-148 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no Pessoa 2005 Daniel Smith
Guna no Smith Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:11 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:47-8 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:28 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:58 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Aguirre 1999:17-8 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no Saint and Pike 1962:14 Daniel Valle no consonant can appear word-finally
Ingá no codas are optional *(C)# Levinson 1976:21-2 Daniel Valle
Matses no Based on the example words the author gives such as ta "mother" Fleck:77 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.73-92 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung 2000:140-3 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:11-6 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2000:295 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:75 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Loewen 1954:18 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979, p.53 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p20 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 66 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no many examples of open syllables Cavalcante 1987:31 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no all huitoto words end in vowels Minor and Minor 1982. p.8 Christopher Clack All words end in vowels. (borrowed spanish vocab is convertted to conform to this) Vowel use is very high (diphthongs are part of this)
Hup no but preferred Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Barbosa 2005 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004:13-15, 68-70 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 15 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no (C)V Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 6 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Waltz p. 33 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p. 26 Amanda Novak
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.10 Amanda Novak
Barasano no (c)v Jones & Jones 1991, p.10 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no (C)V(V)(V) Strom 1992, p.21 Chris Clack
Siona no CV(V) Wheeler - 1970:21 Daniel Valle
Tukano no West and Welch 2004 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Yanomami no Migliazza 1972: p.201 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Migliazza 1972: p.154 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Migliazza 1972: p.205 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Bontkes and Bontkes 2009:3-4 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:15-93 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:62 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:22 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:59 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:112 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no examples throughout done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no n78 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 46 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 40-41 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 10 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 11 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 63 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 39 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 9 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 9 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 6 done 0
Uradhi No 320 Y 0
Paakantyi no 15 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 188 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no wordlist and d33 done 0
Nhanta no 23 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 35 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 37 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 27 done 0
Martuthunira no 25-50 done 0
Marrgany No 290 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 22 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 378 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 2 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no cf 8-9b Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 37, 44 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 40 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no Done-Amalia 0
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no xix done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 82 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 20 0
Dyirbal No 272 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 20 done 0
Djinang No 6 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 15 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no 37 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 11 done 0
Bularnu no 10 Done-Austin 0
Biri no 11 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 21 done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 25 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 17 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 68 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 59 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 23 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 6 done 0
Katthang no 21 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 133-134 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 9 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 2 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 290 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 14 Done- 0
WesternTorres no K81 125-7 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 500 done 0
Bandjalang No 25 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 11 done 0
Arrernte No 78 0
Kokatha No 17 0
Karajarri No 49 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 38 0
Ritharrngu No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 21 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 852 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 11 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 20 0
Bilinarra no 2.2.1.2 done 0
Wiradjuri no done 0
Aghu-Tharnggala No 38 Y2 0
Narungga No 39 done 0
Tharrkari No 6 0
Wajarri No 29 0
Warungu no 97-105 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:432 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps