Pronominal possessive affixes: prefix on N

Nominal Syntax - Possession


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 66 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Pronoun stems, when bound to a noun root, take on a possessive meaning. Allin, 1976: 185-187 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes All nouns have possessive prefix when possessed. Aikhenvald, 1995: 12 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 99 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 47, Shauer & Shauer, 200: p. 520 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 38 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 101 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 122 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Independent pronouns marking possession is also possible. Facundes, 2000: 380 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:12, 49 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:24 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:29 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:49 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p87 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 297-299 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:14 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:4-5, 52 Daniel Valle
Yine yes Matteson 1965:94 Daniel Smith
Añun yes e.g. ta-ein, 1sg-heart Patte 1989:46 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:52; Thiesen - 1996:40 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 292 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 101 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1993:49; Thomas Payne 1989:297 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes singular possession prefixes de Armellada 1999: 14 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes pronouns are affixed on N Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes These pronominal prefixes are the same as the object markers on the verb. These possessive are only used with kin terms Frank 1989:22 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:57 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:73 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:20; Queixalós - 2000:35, 131-132, 294-298 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993:50 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:261-2 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no It seems that the possessive is an independent word Aguirre 1999:79-80 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no ILV 1976:35-6 Daniel Valle
Matses no There are special forms of personal pronouns for possesive case Fleck:253 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 96-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no However, the unmarked construction for possesive is simple yuxtaposition of nouns with the with the possessors preceding the possesed Jung:121-2 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:23 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:88-89 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes However, the most common strategy for possesion is juxtaposition (possesor-possesum) Olawsky:331-41 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes inalienable only Landaburu 1979: 132-133 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p236 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 250 to 252 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Goncalves 2011:12 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.12, 42 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:89 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 49 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 82 Amanda Novak; note addition by Chris Clack The demonstrative pronouns of Cubeo are, in most cases, formed from te demonstrative prefixes discussed in 3.3.1, plus gender/number suffixes.
Kotiria no pronouns can be cliticized to possessed noun Stenzel 2007:187 Daniel Smith
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.36-40 Chris Clack Genitive constructions are formed by a noun or pronoun possessor head noun plus noun phrase (the possessed). The owner usually precedes the possessed. When the genitive construction relates to family relationships or intimate possession, there is no genit
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.45 Chris Clack
Barasano no Barasano uses the case marker ya (genitive) to express ownership. Jones & Jones 1991, p.61 Chris Clack The genitive ya occurs with a suffix to indicate the possessed.
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.66 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:121-125 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes proclitic =yaá on head Ramirez 1997: 324 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 189 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no 1st and 2nd personal possessive pronouns (not affixes) come before possessed noun Goodwin-Gomez, p. 52 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes for 1st and 2nd person Borgman 1990: p.126-128 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Van der Meer (?):12 Daniel Smith
Karitiana yes However, the juxtaposition is the preferred strategy for possession Everett 2006:303-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:156 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no Possessison is marked by yuxtapostion of the nouns Susnik 1974:101 Daniel Valle
Kokama yes proclitic on noun Vallejos 2010:274-276 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no 90-1 done 0
Garrwa n/a done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 73 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha n/a Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 71 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 74-75, 77 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 34 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 55 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 352 Y 0
Paakantyi no 75 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 200 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no 111 done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 76 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 130 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang Maybe 12 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari no 111-2 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 45, 48 done 0
Martuthunira no cf (4.132) 'my wife' done 0
Marrgany N/A 308 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre N/A 219 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji n/a Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 428 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru n/a Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 69 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 283 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 48 0
Dyirbal N/A done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 54 done 0
Djinang No 136 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no 53 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 32 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana n/a Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 29 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 82 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 85 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 33, 40 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 29-30 done 0
Katthang no 40 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri No 26 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 10 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya N/A 308 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 91 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang N/A 79 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 56 done 0
Arrernte No 109 0
Kokatha N/A 48 0
Karajarri N/A 302 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 125 0
Ritharrngu No 24 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 76 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman N/A 23 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra n/a done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 62-7 Y2 0
Narungga Yes 65 done 1
Tharrkari No 26 0
Wajarri No 80 0
Warungu n/a 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Set I clitics are prefixed Payne and Payne 1990:271 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps