Head/dependent marking in possessive NP: dependent

Nominal Syntax - Possession
e.g. 'the boy-'s dog'


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no postposition between possessor and possessed noun (alienable) Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 65 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro no See discussion of "limiter" tagmeme under Noun Phrase. Allin, 1976: 225-227 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 13 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 95-96, 343 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes This marker occurs on the possesser of alienably possessed nouns, in which case the possessive classifier (?) doesn't appear on the possessed noun. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: 520 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 38 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 131 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 122-123 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Possessive constructions are formed by juxtaposing two noun phrases, the second of which is the possessed noun, although the possessed noun phrase sometimes receives a possessed marker. Facundes, 2000: 449 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:49 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:24 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:29 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Based on examples Souza 2008:72 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:125-27 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 297-299 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:70 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:37,46,52-57 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 361-371 Melody Ann Ross Examples from texts
Makushi no Carson 1982:104-112 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Payne 2012:81 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 13 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes The possessive marker is the postposition /zei/ Frank 1985:55 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Ortiz 1994:384 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bourland 1976:57 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:50 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no possesive marking on VPs or stands alone de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000: 294-298 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:261 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes ILV 1976:35-6 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:760-1 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info There is no info on possession where both NPs are nouns. Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-102 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:121-2 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes However, the head noun also takes a person pronoun as a possesive suffix. Thus, it would be a case of doble possessive marking where the dependent get the genitive suffix. Parker 1965:40 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:88-89 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:331-41 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 132-133 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p236 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 250 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes the boy's his dog' Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.90 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes possessive classifier associated with dependent Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes the possive marker and possive pronoun can be contracted Miller 1999, p. 49 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 91 Chris Clack
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 198 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.36-40 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.45 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.61 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.66 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1970:78 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 324 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no you can also get Pr=POSS=Pd, but all strategies must have POSS in some way bound to the Pd, and never to the Pr alone Ramirez 1994: 184-189 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no clitic =e usually follows head, but can sometimes precede it, coming inbetween dependent and head, but it is always bound to the head, even when it is also bound to the dependent Goodwin-Gomez, p. 52 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Borgman 1990: p.126-128 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Based on the examples, when there are two full NPs juxtaposition occurs; in other examples with only one full NP the genitive prefix occurs. Thus, this may be evidence for arguing that there is head-marking. Everett 2006:303-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:156 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no It is hard to say if there is head or dependent marking since the possesor-possesum construction consists of only one word Ayala 1996:85-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no Susnik 1974:101 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:274-276 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes ms13.1 done 1
Garrwa yes? fpro13 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes L50 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 57 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf texts done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 79-80 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 23, 31 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 68 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 51 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 33 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 55 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 349 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 75 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 200 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 129 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 230 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 12 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 67 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 45, 48 done 1
Martuthunira yes 91 done 1
Marrgany yes 309 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 173 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 52 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 428 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 5 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes cf 50, (3.78), e.g. Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 194-6 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 56 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 260 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 49 1
Dyirbal yes 105 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 36 done 1
Djinang No 80, 84 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 62; 137 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal yes 48; 52-53; 63 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 21, 23 done 1
Bularnu yes Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 55 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 30 done-Jessica 1
Batyala Yes 5 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana yes 72-4 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 75 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 28 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 74 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 89 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 33 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 20-21 done 0
Katthang yes 39 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 195 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 11 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 38 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 11 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 309 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 38 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes FO 122 done 1
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji yes 506 done 1
Bandjalang yes 70 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 40 done 1
Arrernte Yes 148 1
Kokatha Yes 55 1
Karajarri Yes 142 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 14 1
Ritharrngu Yes 35 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 31 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 898 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 23 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 123 1
Bilinarra yes 4.7.1 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 59 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 65 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 26 1
Wajarri Yes 47 1
Warungu yes 636-7 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps