Possessive classifiers

Nominal Syntax - Possession
There are special classifiers that occur with possessed entities


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 62 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no The discussion of classifiers does not make this distinction, nor is it found under the discussion of a "limiter" tagmeme. Allin, 1976: 153-163, 225-227 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 13 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 92-95 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no There are markers on the possessed noun that may be acting like classifiers? These occur on the head noun when it's possessed. -te marks animate nouns, and -ne and -re mark inanimates. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 520 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 38 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes There are classifiers for both possessed and unpossessed; the function appears mostly to help semantically. Santos, 2006: 121 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu n/a No classifiers. Mansen & Captain, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no In possessive NPs, classifiers can attach to the possessive marker and characterize the possessed noun. However, these are not distinct from noun classifiers. Aikhenvald, 2003: 87 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes notes that possessive markers on alienably possessed nouns could be analyzed as genitive classifiers, but doesn't push this analysis, seemingly on the basis that the various markers do not have semantic content. Facundes, 2000: 232-233 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:4953 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:24 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:253-67 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 332-338 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:197-198 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 292 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Carson 1982: 56-58 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Aikhenvald 2000:127 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 13 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:39-59 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:72-5 Daniel Valle
Damana yes personal, consanguinity Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 1998:42 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes Buenaventura 1993:50 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:261-2 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Aguirre 1999:79-80 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info most likely not Zúñiga 2006, p. 87-102 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:32-46 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:57-60 Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: 182-185 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no classification seems very unlikely Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.41-44 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes alienable constructions only Weir 1984:85 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no the poss. Marker is a genitive that can also attach to pronouns. -ɛ̃̀ɟ (suffix) Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 49 Amanda Novak The possessive pronouns are the same as the other personal pronouns in Desano.
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 82 Amanda Novak; note addition by Chris Clack When the possessed item is animate, this agreeing suffix is one of the gender/number suffixes; Similarly, with inanimate objects.
Kotiria no the classifers used in the examples are the same classifiers used when the noun is not possessed Stenzel 2004, p. 195 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.40 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.45 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.62 Chris Clack For inanimate possessed elements, a classifier suffix is used. The possessor is generally a personal pronoun. The phrases so formed refer back to some previously-mentioned animate, possessed beings
Tanimuca yes The case marker -rika 'possessive' comes from the verb rika 'to have' and marks a normally human noun phrase as a possessor or owner. Strom 1992, p.66-67 Chris Clack The possessive case marker agrees in gender and number with the possessed object.
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:78 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely there is no evidence for special forms for possession
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 184-189 Kelsey Neely no evidence for these
Ninam no goodwin-Gomez, p. 52-53 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Borgman 1990: p.126-128 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296, 303-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:156 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info more likely not Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:274-276 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 90 done 0
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta n/a done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 68 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu N/A done 0
Wemba-Wemba no done-Amalia 0
Warumungu N/A done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi N/A 334 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta N/A Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 83 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 428 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna N/A done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr N/A Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr n/a done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay N/A 30 0
Dyirbal No 61 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu n/a done 0
Djinang N/A 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung n/a done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 102 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija N/A 20 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 74 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 85 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati n/a done 0
Katthang n/a done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri N/A done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul N/A 11 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 73 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang N/A 70 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara N/A 35 done 0
Arrernte No 86 0
Kokatha N/A 52 0
Karajarri N/A 71 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara N/A 0
Ritharrngu N/A 34 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay N/A 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman N/A 23 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala N/A 51 Y2 0
Narungga N/A 65 done 0
Tharrkari N/A 26 0
Wajarri N/A 39 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps