Productive nominalizing morphology: agentive (sing/singer)

Category
Nominal Syntax - Derivation
Notes
There is a morpheme which derives an agent or subject from a verb

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes? The suffix -ni can derive an agent, although no indication that it is confined to this use Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 51 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 112 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 21 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 320 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 136 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no There are three nominalizing markers. One seems to be an object nominalizer, (see line 97), suggesting that agentive and action/state nominalizers, if present, aren't productive. Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 48 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 47 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no info No mention of nominalizing morphology in the morphological template for nouns. Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 797 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Participles are often translated as agent nominalizations, but they mark the predicate of a relative clause. The two agent nominalizing morphemes are non-productive. Aikhenvald, 2003: 200, 460 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes notes that both nominalizers are not completely productive. Facundes, 2000: 244-245 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Turns it into a noun, which can then be either subject or object. Payne 1981:111 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:27-28 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes The orthographic form is -añ/-ñ/-aña/-ña Duff-Tripp 1997:39 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes suffix -no (this suffix also marks the verb of a relative clause); "the product nominalizer -ri... derives nouns as products of verbal action" Danielsen 2007: p88, 190 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes There is one nominalizing morpheme, -rira. This is most often an agentive nominalization, but can also be used for other types of nominalizations. Michael, 2008. p. 303-304 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Rowan 1978:xiv Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:49 Daniel Valle
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:58-63 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Hall 1988 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 93 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1993:48 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes There are four suffixes (which each have a plural form as well as a singular one) that are used to create agents. Which one you use depends on the transitivity of the verb and its tense. de Armellada 1999: 159 to 165 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no info Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:19 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Ortiz 1994:384 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Alphonse 1956:43 Daniel Valle
Damana yes For all productive nominalizing, the morphemes used are verb roots or verbs or nouns--unsure if this is true nominalizing Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 2000:162 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:430-1 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:30 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes There is also a nominalizer for instruments /-nga/ Levinson 1978:5 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:295 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info However, there are other nominalizers such as /-wen/ which derives associatives plurals from nouns; /-we/ which derives intruments or locations and /-ntu/ which derives nouns where yhere is plenty of the substance denoted by the noun. Zúñiga 2006, p. 87 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:29 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:404-5 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes /-mia/ is also used Loewen 1954:36, 73 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes usually derives agent; morpheme is homophonous with 1st noun class pronominal morpheme, creates class 3 nouns; -a derives agents and patients Landaburu 1979: 141, 153 Kelsey Neely possibly comes from verb 'to be'
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p245-6 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes ri is a suffix Huayhua Pari 2001: 245 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.98 Christopher Clack
Hup yes bare verb stem + classifier Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes subject relativizing prefix + generic nominalizer doo Weir 1984: 27 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Agent, subject, and animate patient nominalizations all involve the animate deverbilizers. Miller 1999, p. 142 Amanda Novak There can be ambiguity between agent and animate patient nominalizations. For example, teacher and student are the same word.
Cubeo yes The animate noun põẽ- 'person' plus a gender/number suffix may also be suffixed to a verb, forming an agentive deverbal noun meaning 'one who does X' Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 90 Amanda Novak; note addition by Chris Clack
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 104 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35 Chris Clack animate and inanimate
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.27-28 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.42-43 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.158 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:114 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes suffix -se derives N from V West and Welch 2004: 69; Ramirez 1997: 114 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Lizot says this kind of derivational morphology is not very productive Lizot 1996: p.227 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.116-117 Kelsey Neely "nominalization" but none of these kinds
Sanumá no derives "subject", but not "agent" exactly Borgman 1990: 142-144 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296-300 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:252 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:115-6 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:230 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes n25 done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 98 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 107, 117 done-Dan 1
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 119, 120 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 50-1 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu yes 53 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no 14, 33 done 0
Uradhi Yes 372 Y 1
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 209 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 60 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 200 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 5 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari no info 81-2 Done-Dan x
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 39 done 0
Martuthunira no 144-148 done 0
Marrgany yes 314 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 426 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 57 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 411 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna yes 4 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 79, 56b Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 230 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 99 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 367 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay yes 106 1
Dyirbal yes 81-2 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 44 done 1
Djinang Yes 129 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 163 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu yes 31 Done-Austin 1
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 136, 141 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 55 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 86 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no 98 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 90 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 62-65 done 1
Katthang yes 86-90 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 19 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul yes 26 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 314 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 111 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info FO 121 done x
Wakaya yes 10.1.4.2 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 84 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara No 71 done 0
Arrernte Yes 103 1
Kokatha No 47 0
Karajarri Yes 238 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 148 1
Ritharrngu Yes 79 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay no info Done-Amalia x
Warluwarra yes 959 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 27 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 109 1
Bilinarra yes 6.2.3.1 done 1
Wiradjuri yes 25 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 50 Y2 1
Narungga No info 70 done x
Tharrkari Yes 21 1
Wajarri No 102 0
Warungu yes 227, 228 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes a paradigm exists that specifies animate/inanimate Payne and Payne 1990:354 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps