Productive nominalizing morphology: agentive (sing/singer)

Nominal Syntax - Derivation
There is a morpheme which derives an agent or subject from a verb


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Western Mono
Southern Paiute
Southern Ute
Idaho Shoshone
Northern Paiute
Achagua yes? The suffix -ni can derive an agent, although no indication that it is confined to this use Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 51
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 112
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 21
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 136
Yukuna no There are three nominalizing markers. One seems to be an object nominalizer, (see line 97), suggesting that agentive and action/state nominalizers, if present, aren't productive. Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 48
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 47
Wapishana yes Santos 2006
Wayuu no info No mention of nominalizing morphology in the morphological template for nouns. Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 797
Tariana no Participles are often translated as agent nominalizations, but they mark the predicate of a relative clause. The two agent nominalizing morphemes are non-productive. Aikhenvald, 2003: 200, 460
Apurinã yes Facundes notes that both nominalizers are not completely productive. Facundes, 2000: 244-245
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Turns it into a noun, which can then be either subject or object. Payne 1981:111
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:27-28
Yanesha' yes The orthographic form is -añ/-ñ/-aña/-ña Duff-Tripp 1997:39
Kinikinau no info
Baure yes suffix -no (this suffix also marks the verb of a relative clause); "the product nominalizer -ri... derives nouns as products of verbal action" Danielsen 2007: p88, 190
Nanti yes There is one nominalizing morpheme, -rira. This is most often an agentive nominalization, but can also be used for other types of nominalizations. Michael, 2008. p. 303-304
Paresi yes Rowan 1978:xiv
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:49
Yine no info Matteson 1965
Añun no info Patte 1989
Bora no Seifart - 2005:58-63
Makiritare no info Hall 1988
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 93
Eñepa yes Gildea 1993:48
Pemon yes There are four suffixes (which each have a plural form as well as a singular one) that are used to create agents. Which one you use depends on the transitivity of the verb and its tense. de Armellada 1999: 159 to 165
Guna no Smith texts
Naso no info Quesada 2000
Ika yes Frank 1990:19
Kogi yes Ortiz 1994:384
Cabecar no info
Guaymí yes Alphonse 1956:43
Damana yes For all productive nominalizing, the morphemes used are verb roots or verbs or nouns--unsure if this is true nominalizing
Sikuani yes Queixalós 2000:162
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:430-1
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:30 Catío
Waorani no info
Ingá yes There is also a nominalizer for instruments /-nga/ Levinson 1978:5
Matses yes Fleck:295
Mapudungun no info However, there are other nominalizers such as /-wen/ which derives associatives plurals from nouns; /-we/ which derives intruments or locations and /-ntu/ which derives nouns where yhere is plenty of the substance denoted by the noun. Zúñiga 2006, p. 87
Páez no info
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:29
Tikuna no info
Urarina no Olawsky:404-5
Waunana yes /-mia/ is also used Loewen 1954:36, 73
Andoke yes usually derives agent; morpheme is homophonous with 1st noun class pronominal morpheme, creates class 3 nouns; -a derives agents and patients Landaburu 1979: 141, 153 possibly comes from verb 'to be'
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p245-6
Central Aymara yes ri is a suffix Huayhua Pari 2001: 245
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.98
Hup yes bare verb stem + classifier Epps 2008
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes subject relativizing prefix + generic nominalizer doo Weir 1984: 27
Dâw no Martins 2004
Desano yes Agent, subject, and animate patient nominalizations all involve the animate deverbilizers. Miller 1999, p. 142 There can be ambiguity between agent and animate patient nominalizations. For example, teacher and student are the same word.
Cubeo yes The animate noun põẽ- 'person' plus a gender/number suffix may also be suffixed to a verb, forming an agentive deverbal noun meaning 'one who does X' Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 90
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 104
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35 animate and inanimate
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.27-28
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.42-43
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.158
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:114
Tukano yes suffix -se derives N from V West and Welch 2004: 69; Ramirez 1997: 114
Yanomami yes Lizot says this kind of derivational morphology is not very productive Lizot 1996: p.227
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.116-117 "nominalization" but none of these kinds
Sanumá no derives "subject", but not "agent" exactly Borgman 1990: 142-144
Surui no info
Karitiana no Everett 2006:296-300
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:252
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:115-6
Aché no info
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:230
Nyangumarta no 0
Jingulu yes 1
Wambaya yes 1
Bunuba no info x
Walmajarri no info x
Nyulnyul no info x
Warrwa no info x
Worrorra no info X
Garrwa no info X
Gooniyandi yes 1
Warlpiri yes n25 1
Bardi no 0
Yorta Yorta no 98 0
Yir Yoront
Yindjibarndi yes 107, 117 1
Yidiny not done yet X
Yanyuwa no info x
Yandruwandha yes 119, 120 1
Yalarnnga yes 50-1 1
Woiwurrung no info x
Wirangu No info x
Wemba-Wemba no info x
Warumungu yes 53 1
Wangkumara no 14, 33 0
Uradhi Yes 372 1
Paakantyi no info X
Pitta-Pitta yes 209 1
Pintupi no info x
Nyungar no info x
Nhanta yes 60 1
Ngiyambaa yes 200 1
Ngayawang yes 5 1
Muruwari no info 81-2 x
Mayi-Yapi No 39 0
Martuthunira no 144-148 0
Marrgany yes 314 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 426 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 57 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 411 0
Kaurna yes 4 1
Kalkatungu yes 79, 56b 1
Jaru yes 230 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 99 1
Gureng Gureng no info x
Gumbaynggirr yes 367 1
Gugu-Badhun no info x
Yuwaalaraay yes 106 1
Dyirbal yes 81-2 1
Duungidjawu yes 44 1
Djinang Yes 129 1
Diyari yes 163 1
Dharawal no info x
Darkinyung no info x
Bularnu yes 31 1
Biri no info x
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 136, 141 1
Batyala no info x
Arabana no info x
Alyawarr no info X
Nyikina no 0
Yulparija No 55 0
Wathawurrung yes 86 1
Mathi-Mathi no 98 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 90 1
Thanggati yes 62-65 1
Katthang yes 86-90 1
Panyjima no 0
Ngarinyeri yes 19 1
Kurrama no info x
Yingkarta no info x
Githabul yes 26 1
Gunya yes 314 1
Kunjen yes 111 1
WesternTorres no info FO 121 x
Wakaya yes 1
Yindjilindji no info x
Bandjalang yes 84 1
Ngaatjatjara No 71 0
Arrernte Yes 103 1
Kokatha No 47 0
Karajarri Yes 238 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 148 1
Ritharrngu Yes 79 1
Warrgamay no info x
Warluwarra yes 959 1
Warnman Yes 27 1
Djapu yes 109 1
Bilinarra yes 1
Wiradjuri yes 25 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 50 1
Narungga No info 70 x
Tharrkari Yes 21 1
Wajarri No 102 0
Warungu yes 227, 228 1
Yagua yes a paradigm exists that specifies animate/inanimate Payne and Payne 1990:354
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001