Productive nominalizing morphology: object (sing/song)

Nominal Syntax - Derivation
There is a morpheme which derives a patient or object from a verb


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Western Mono
Southern Paiute
Southern Ute
Idaho Shoshone
Northern Paiute
Achagua yes? The suffix -kuaa can derive an object, although there is no indication that it is confined to this use Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 51
Resígaro yes Allin calls this "concrete nominalization." The preceding vowel is lengthened and given a high tone. Allin, 1976: 109-110
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 21
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 133
Yukuna yes Shauer (1978) notes that this is a nominalizer. He doesn't note its specific function, but it does create an obligatorily possessed noun. The example is "his heat." Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 48
Yavitero yes as in tésiasi 'vomit' from tésia 'vomitar' Mosonyi, 1987: p. 47
Wapishana yes Santos 2006
Wayuu no info No mention of nominalizing morphology in the morphological template for nouns. Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 797
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 200
Apurinã yes This suffix is used as either an instrumental or object nominalizer "thing to V with" or "thing to V". Facundes notes that both nominalizers are not completely productive. Facundes, 2000: 240-241
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Turns it into a noun, which can then be either subject or object. Payne 1981:111
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:27-28
Yanesha' yes The orthographic form is -aret̴/-et̴ Duff-Tripp 1997:40
Kinikinau no info
Baure yes suffix -no (this suffix also marks the verb of a relative clause) Danielsen 2007: p190
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 303-304
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:50
Yine no info Matteson 1965
Añun no info Patte 1989
Bora no In some instances, the nominalization is achieved through tone change. Seifart - 2005:58-63
Makiritare no info Hall 1988
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 96
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:107
Pemon no info
Guna no Smith texts
Naso no Quesada 2000
Ika no info
Kogi no info
Cabecar no info
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:49-53
Damana yes For all productive nominalizing, the morphemes used are verb roots or verbs or nouns--unsure if this is true nominalizing
Sikuani yes ex: xáne (to eat), pexáejawa (food, "n" dropped) de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:93
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:433
Northern Emberá no info
Waorani no info
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:6
Matses yes Fleck:295
Mapudungun no info Zúñiga 2006, p. 87
Páez no info
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:29
Tikuna no info
Urarina yes Olawsky:404-5
Waunana no info
Andoke yes suffix - kə̃́ derives various types and classes of nouns, -sé derives instruments; -a derives agents and objs. Landaburu 1979: 141-143, 153 possibly comes from verb 'to be'
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p245-6
Central Aymara no info I'm fairly sure that objects derived from verbs also use the suffix ta, that is there is no distinction between subject and object as far as verb nominalizing suffixes go.
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.98-100
Hup no Epps 2008
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes generic nominalizer doo Weir 1984:63
Dâw no Martins 2004
Desano yes For patient and instrument nominalizations, the nominalizing suffix precedes the appropriate classifiers. Miller 1999, p. 143 For nominalized verbs in the present, -ri precedes the classifier. For past nominalizations some classifiers take -di and some take -ra.
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 90
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 104
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.27-28, 47
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.21
Tanimuca yes Retuarã allows a variety of object complements, that is, clauses embedded as the object of the verb. Strom 1992, p.158
Siona yes The suffix "-ye" is for abstract objects. Concrete, inanimate objects can be formed be adding the appropriate nominal classifier to the verb. Wheeler - 1987:114
Tukano yes suffix -se derives N from V West and Welch 2004: 69; Ramirez 1997: 114
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 363-378 no evidence for this
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.116-117 "nominalization" but none of these kinds
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 142-144
Surui no info
Karitiana yes However, this nominalizer may also derive locative, instruments, etc. Everett 2006:296-300
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:115
Aché no info
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:234
Nyangumarta no 0
Jingulu yes 1
Wambaya no info x
Bunuba no info x
Walmajarri no info x
Nyulnyul no info x
Warrwa no info x
Worrorra no info X
Garrwa no info X
Gooniyandi no info x
Warlpiri yes n25 1
Bardi no 0
Yorta Yorta maybe 98 1
Yir Yoront
Yindjibarndi yes 104-120 1
Yidiny not done yet X
Yanyuwa no info x
Yandruwandha no info x
Yalarnnga no info x
Woiwurrung no info x
Wirangu yes 55 1
Wemba-Wemba no info x
Warumungu yes 52 1
Wangkumara no 14, 33 0
Uradhi No 372 0
Paakantyi no info X
Pitta-Pitta No 209 0
Pintupi no info x
Nyungar no info x
Nhanta no info x
Ngiyambaa no 199-200 0
Ngayawang No info x
Muruwari yes 81-2 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 39 1
Martuthunira no 144-148 0
Marrgany yes 314 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 426 0
Kuku Yalanji no info x
Kugu-Nganhcara No 411 0
Kaurna No info x
Kalkatungu no 79, 56b 0
Jaru no info x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 99 0
Gureng Gureng no info x
Gumbaynggirr yes 367 1
Gugu-Badhun no info x
Yuwaalaraay Yes 106 1
Dyirbal yes 81-2 1
Duungidjawu yes 43 1
Djinang Yes 129 1
Diyari no info x
Dharawal no info x
Darkinyung no info x
Bularnu no info x
Biri no info x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info x
Batyala no info x
Arabana no info x
Alyawarr no info X
Nyikina no 0
Yulparija No 55 0
Wathawurrung no 86-88 0
Mathi-Mathi no 98 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 90-91 1
Thanggati no 62-65 0
Katthang yes 86-90 1
Panyjima no 0
Ngarinyeri No info x
Kurrama no info x
Yingkarta no info x
Githabul yes 26 1
Gunya yes 314 1
Kunjen No 111 0
WesternTorres no info FO 121 x
Wakaya no info x
Yindjilindji no info x
Bandjalang yes 38 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 90 1
Arrernte Yes 103 1
Kokatha Yes 47 1
Karajarri No 238 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 149 1
Ritharrngu No 77 0
Warrgamay no info x
Warluwarra no info x
Warnman Yes 51 1
Djapu yes 109 1
Bilinarra no info x
Wiradjuri no info x
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 50 1
Narungga No info 70 x
Tharrkari Yes 19 1
Wajarri No 102 0
Warungu yes 309 1
Yagua yes a paradigm exists that specifies animate/inanimate Payne and Payne 1990:357
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001