Productive verbalizing morphology

Nominal Syntax - Derivation
There is a morpheme which derives a verb from a noun or adjective


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 53 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro no All verbal derivation morphology derive verbs from verb roots. Allin, 1976: 106-107 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 39 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Adjectives and nouns can act as stative verbs without any sort of special morphology. Galindo, 2002: 152-153 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Applies to nouns, adjective, adverbs AND verbs. There are only a few verb nuclei that consist solely of a vebral root. Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 48 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no No mention of a verbalizer under verbs or nouns. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 45-47, 69-70 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006:157 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no The particle calacá is used with a verbalizing capacity with non-verbs. Perhaps this is better described as a light verb, since it's called a “verb auxiliary” and used with a verbalizing function?? Mansen & Captain 2000: p. 801, Mansen & Mansen 1976: p. 155 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no The morphological causative -ita is used to nominalize some verbs, but this is not fully productive. Aikhenvald, 2003: 77 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes No indication of how productive it is, but it is also used on verbal roots. Facundes, 2000: 324 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no According to Mihas, some nouns may be derived from verbs Payne 1981; Payne 1983; Mihas 2010:143 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes author does not note how productive it is Zamponi 2003:44 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' yes The orthographic form is -V´t/-Vt/-t where V stands for a vowel Duff-Tripp 1997:42 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Souza 2008:83 Daniel Valle
Baure yes suffix -si attached to nominal root Danielsen 2007: p89 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 247-290 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Rowan and Burgess 1979:90 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:73-4 Daniel Valle
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:58 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Hall 1988: 104 Melody Ann Ross "seem to be partially nominal in origin"
Makushi yes Carson 1982:134 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa yes To form intransitive verbs Thomas Payne 1995:304 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 260 to 263 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:49-146 Daniel Valle
Damana yes For verbalizing, nouns are usually combined with verbs to create new verbs Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Aguirre 1999:41-3 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes It indicates a change of state Levinson 1976b:31-2 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:457 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes However, the main strategy to verbalize nouns and adjective (and even any word category) is by zero nominalization. In other words, the noun or adjective (or other grammatical category) just takes verbal morphology (like tense) to behave as a verb. Salas 1992, p.193-5 Daniel Valle It seems that verbalization is possible by only adding verbal morphology to nouns or adjectives. However, there are certain nouns which require a verbalizer suffix. Further, there are some verbalizers which derive meanigs as: "become X" or "to perfomr the
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes The first usually derives a transitive verb whereas the second derives an intransitive verb Parker 1965:67-9 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:80 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes There is a denominal verbalizer Olawsky:406 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes 2: prefix: í- attaches to 'relative nouns' (generally classifiers or inalienably possessed nouns) , suffix -i attaches to nouns, means 'get/make N' Landaburu 1979: 182 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no The author states that "there is no morphology to produce verbs out of names" Giron 2008: p186 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 168 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.49, 101 Christopher Clack
Hup yes related to verb 'be' Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes not a morpheme actually, but a tone change: deverbizers. Martins 2005:155 Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes There are several derivational suffixes in Desano that are used to derive verbs from nouns. The most productive is -ki that makes a possessive verb out of a noun. Miller 1999, p.110-111 Chris Clack Also, -ye added to a noun has the meaning of 'give'. Verbs derived with -ye are bitransitive.
Cubeo yes occurs very rarely Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 54 Amanda Novak Denominal verbs are quite rare in Cubeo. One of the few examples of a suffix which derives a (stative) verb from a noun is -xi 'have a bad taste or odor of X', where X is the noun.
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.33-42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.79 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.63 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.28-33 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Daniel Smith
Tukano yes suffix: -ti; usually means "to have N" Ramirez 1997: 353 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 367 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.117-118 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes There are more than 10 verbalizers These are mainly verbal suffixes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:116-8 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:385-393 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 99 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 83-91 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 177 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 35-6 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu yes 101-2 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 49-50 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 50 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes 38 done 1
Uradhi Yes 334 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 177, 181 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 211 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 137-145 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 89 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa no 118 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang yes 14 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 130 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 55 done 1
Martuthunira yes 142 done 1
Marrgany yes 319 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 422 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 89 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 414 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 15 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 85-6, 29b Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 65 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 305-308 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 99 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay yes 107 1
Dyirbal yes 85-9 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 89-90 done 1
Djinang Yes 118 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 164-169 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal maybe 57; 61 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 38-9 done 1
Bularnu yes 66 Done-Austin 1
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 137-40 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 66-7 done 1
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 47 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung maybe 90 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 101 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 83-84 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 57 done 1
Katthang yes 84-86 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 153-156 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 150-157 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 329 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 74 Done- 0
WesternTorres no info FO 121 done x
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji yes 513 done 1
Bandjalang yes 87 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 71 done 1
Arrernte Yes 194 1
Kokatha Yes 27 1
Karajarri Yes 87 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 9 1
Ritharrngu Yes 60 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 72 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 955 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 44 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 112-4 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri yes 19 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala No info 73 Y2 x
Narungga Yes 62 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 36 1
Wajarri Yes 93 1
Warungu yes 310 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps